Testosterone Promotes ‘Cuddling,’ Not Just Aggression

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Summary: While more commonly associated with promoting aggressive behaviors, testosterone can also promote social affection and prosocial behaviors in males, a new study on gerbils finds.Source:...

Scientists discover new antiviral defense system in bacteria

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Bacteria use a variety of defense strategies to fight off viral infection, and some of these systems have led to groundbreaking technologies, such as CRISPR-based gene-editing....

Is There Really Such a Thing as an ‘Addictive Personality’?

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Summary: Addiction may not always be a fixed personality or genetic trait, instead the result of our plastic brains learning the effect of drugs on our...

Researchers Create Most Realistic Computer Models of Brain Cells

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Summary: Researchers say they have created the most bio-realistic and complex computer models of individual brain cells.Source: Cedars SinaiCedars-Sinai investigators have created the most bio-realistic and...

Targeting Impulsivity Early in Adolescence Could Prevent Later Behavioral Disorders

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Summary: Young teens who have tendencies toward impulsivity are more likely to develop behavioral conduct disorders, including ASPD and alcohol use disorder in older adolescence. Targeting...

Mothers with Personality Disorders Impact Their Teen Children’s Attachment Security

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Summary: Mothers who suffer from personality disorders impact their teenage children’s attachment styles, leaving them prone to insecure attachments, depression, and anxiety later in life.Source: University...

Air Pollution and Stress Alter Brain Development and Social Behavior

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Summary: Air pollution along with housing insecurity and stress during pregnancy leads to an increased risk of autism-like social behaviors and differences in neural anatomy in...

Circadian Clocks Play a Key Role in Fat Cell Growth

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Summary: Circadian rhythm disruption plays a critical role in weight gain, a new study reports.Source: Weill Cornell MedicineDisruption of the circadian clocks that keep the body...

Smells Experienced in Nature Evoke Positive Well-being

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Summary: The smell of fresh cut grass or blooming flowers appears to have a positive effect on a person’s overall well-being, a new study reveals. Researchers...

Down on Vitamin D? It Could Be the Cause of Chronic Inflammation

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Summary: Study reveals a direct link between vitamin D deficiency and chronic inflammation. Researchers suggest boosting vitamin D in those with a deficiency may help to...

Cannabidiol Effective for Young People With Treatment-Resistant Anxiety

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Summary: Cannabidiol treatment helped reduce anxiety severity by, on average, 42.6% in young adults with treatment-resistant anxiety, a new study reports.Source: OrygenCannabidiol may be effective in...

Neuroimaging Study Reveals Fatigue-Related Differences by Age and Gender

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Summary: Age and gender both appear to affect the relationship between state fatigue and brain activation.Source: Kessler FoundationTo study the relationship between age and fatigue, Kessler...

‘Brain Fingerprinting’ of Adolescents Might Be Able to Predict Mental Health Problems Down the...

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Summary: The unique features of an individual adolescent’s brain can help predict their risks of developing mental health problems later in life.Source: The ConversationDespite the best...

New Insights Into Retinal Neurons

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Summary: Researchers have identified a new type of retinal ganglion cells.Source: Northwestern UniversityNorthwestern Medicine investigators have identified a new type of retinal ganglion cell, the neurons...

Brain Mechanism Underlying Evolution of Anxiety

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Summary: The VMAT1 gene evolved through natural selection in human evolution. Those with the Ile-type variant of the VMAT1 gene are less prone to anxiety and...

Researchers Visualize the Intricate Branching of the Nervous System

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Summary: Study reveals the molecular mechanism that allows neural networks to grow and branch out.Source: YaleOur nervous system is composed of billions of neurons that speak...

Sharing Memories With Toddlers Helps Their Well-Being Into Adulthood

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Summary: How a mother interacts and shared memories with her toddler has an impact on their offspring’s well-being in adulthood.Source: University of OtagoHow mothers share memories...

After Breakups, People Feel Less In-Control, but Only at First

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Summary: Following a breakup, women are more likely to experience feeling a short-term decline in their sense of control than men. People who lost a loved...

Researchers Call for New Studies to Learn How Our Brains Change When We’re Awake...

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Summary: A new hypothesis suggests when people are awake during the biological circadian night there are neurophysiological changes in the brain that alters the way in...

Men Have High Probability of Outliving Women, Especially the Married and Degree Educated

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Summary: Men who are happily married and have embarked upon higher education have a greater probability of outliving women. The findings challenge the conventional belief that...

The Cost of Loneliness – Neuroscience News

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Summary: Researchers discuss the detrimental psychological, physical, and economic impact of loneliness.Source: ParticleThey say you can’t put a price on friendship, but loneliness costs Australians $2.7 billion...

Perfectionism May Be a Risk Factor for Severe Alcohol Use Disorder

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Summary: Study finds a link between the personality trait of perfectionism and severe alcohol use disorder.Author: Research Society on AlcoholismPerfectionist traits—higher self-criticism, and unrealistic standards leading...

Why do we dream? – MIT McGovern Institute

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As part of our Ask the Brain series, science writer Shafaq Zia answers the question, “Why do we dream?” _____ One night, Albert Einstein dreamt that he was...

1 in 5 Americans Fear Getting Monkeypox, but Many Know Little About It

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Summary: 19% of Americans say they are worried about contracting Monkeypox over the next three months. Most people remain uncertain about how Monkeypox is transmitted, or...

Why People Struggle to Recognize the Faces of People From Different Racial Backgrounds

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Summary: Many people report having a difficult time recognizing faces from visually distinct different backgrounds than their own. A new brain stimulation study found the “other...

Some Types of Stress Could Be Good for Brain Functioning

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Summary: Low to moderate stress can help build resilience and may reduce the risk of developing more serious mental health disorders including depression and anti-social behavior,...

How a Neurotransmitter May Be the Key in Controlling Alzheimer’s Toxicity​

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Summary: Study reveals how somatostatin and copper affect amyloid beta in Alzheimer’s disease pathology.Source: KAISTWith nearly 50 million dementia patients worldwide, and Alzheimers’s disease is the...

Prenatal Opioid Exposure May Trigger Neurological and Behavioral Changes Later in Life

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Summary: Opioids impact the gut microbiome of developing fetuses, altering metabolic pathways and increasing the risks of both neurological and behavioral differences later in life.Source: University...

A Stable Gut Helps Elite Athletes Perform Better

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Summary: Short-term high-protein diets were associated with gut microbial instability that appears to hinder elite athletes’ performances.Source: Anglia Ruskin UniversityNew research has found that microbial instability...

Put Down Devices, Let Your Mind Wander

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Summary: Rather than spending your free time browsing through social media or staring at your cell phone, researchers suggest taking a moment to just sit and...

New “Origins of Life” Chemical Reactions Discovered

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Summary: Researchers discovered a new set of chemical reactions that use cyanide, ammonia, and carbon dioxide generates amino acids and nucleic acids, the building blocks of...

The Role of Genetic Variants on Psychedelics’ Therapeutic Effects

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Summary: Genetic variants of the 5-HT2A serotonin receptor may explain why some respond to psychedelic therapies for the treatment of mental health disorders while others don’t.Source:...

A Methodological Leap in the Exploration of Memory

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Summary: Researchers have developed a comprehensive “toolbox” to establish that the mobility of receptors exists in intact brain tissue, and this mobility is critical for certain...

Disentangling Overlapping Memories in Older Adults 

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Kyoungeun Lee’s research to understand memory in aging adults began in an unlikely place: robots. While working on a large-scale project to develop a compatible artificial...

New Links Between REM Sleep Disturbances and Drug Relapse Identified

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Summary: The activity of MCH neurons in the lateral hypothalamus during sleep recapitulates REM sleep effects on reducing drug-seeking behaviors.Source: ElsevierRelapse presents a major barrier to...

Feeling Addicted to Food? Your Parents’ Drinking Habits May Impact Your Risk

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Summary: Having a parent who experiences alcohol addiction increases the risk a person will become addicted to highly processed foods, a new study reports.Source: University of...

Stress Increases Beliefs That Underlie Disorders and Conspiracy Theories

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Summary: Study examines why conspiracy theories and psychiatric disorders historically tend to peak during periods of social crisis and stress.Source: Wageningen UniversityStress increases the rigidity of...

How Neurons Build and Maintain Their Capacity to Communicate

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Summary: Researchers reveal how neurons set up and sustain the vital infrastructure that allows for seamless neurotransmission.Source: Picower Institute for Learning and MemoryThe nervous system works...

A New Take on the ‘Marshmallow Test’: When It Comes to Resisting Temptation, a...

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Summary: Delayed gratification isn’t all about genetics or brain development, it’s also about habits supported by the culture in which a child is raised.Source: University of...

Did Gonorrhea Give Us Grandparents?

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Summary: Researchers have identified a set of genetic mutations that protect against cognitive decline in older adults. A new study suggests the selective pressure from infectious...

Trauma of Diagnosis Stays With Eye Disease Patients

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Summary: The way in which a patient is informed they have a specific eye disease can impact their psychological health and ability to deal with their...

As Science Searches for Answers on Depression, What Should Patients Do Today?

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Summary: Researchers critique the latest findings on serotonin’s role in depression and report people should maintain their current therapies to help control their symptoms of depression.Source:...

Self-Reflection Linked to Improved Late-Life Cognition and Brain Health

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Summary: A person’s ability to self-reflect is associated with cognition and glucose metabolism later in life, a new study finds. Those who engage in more self-reflection...

Feeling Stressed? It Can Show In Your Skin, Hair, and Nails

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Summary: Researchers explain how stress can have a detrimental impact on your skin, nails, and hair.Source: American Academy of DermatologyStress is a part of life. Whether...

Visually Perceptive Moms Are More Sensitive Parents

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Summary: A mother’s ability to recognize positive emotions on the faces of other adults predicts her sensitivity and responsiveness to her child four months later.Source: University...

Signs of Alzheimer’s in Blood 17 Years Before Symptoms Begin

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Summary: A newly developed immuno-infrared sensor allowed researchers to discover biomarkers for Alzheimer’s disease in blood samples 17 years before clinical symptoms appeared. The sensory is...

Grab a Coffee Before Shopping? You May Want to Think Twice

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Summary: Consuming a caffeinated drink before shopping was associated with purchasing more items and more time spent in the store.Source: American Marketing AssociationResearchers from University of...

Engineered Mattress Tricks Your Body to Fall Asleep Faster

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Summary: A new pillow and mattress system stimulates the body to trigger sleepy feelings by using heating and cooling sensations. Researchers say the new system helps...

No Evidence That Depression Is Caused by Low Serotonin Levels

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Summary: A new comprehensive review disputes the serotonin theory of depression, reporting there remains no clear evidence that serotonin levels or serotonin activity is responsible for...

Researchers Discover Novel Light-Gated Potassium Channel in Neurons

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Summary: Researchers report they have identified the first natural light-gated potassium channel-rhodopsins.Source: Baylor College of MedicineA key approach to understanding the brain is to observe the...

Troubling Rise in Suicides Linked With Common Food Preservative

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Summary: Health experts call for stricter regulations for the use of sodium nitrate, a product commonly used for meat curing, following its link to suicides and...

Searching for Meaning? Try Appreciating the Small Things

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Summary: Appreciating the beauty in the smaller things in everyday life can contribute to a more meaningful existence, a new study reports.Source: Texas A&MAppreciating the intrinsic...

Whether speaking Turkish or Norwegian, the brain’s language network looks the same

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Over several decades, neuroscientists have created a well-defined map of the brain’s “language network,” or the regions of the brain that are specialized for processing language....

Why Does Love Feel Magical? It’s an Evolutionary Advantage

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Summary: Magical thinking and believing in destined love may have evolved as a way to keep couples together and promote childbirth and rearing, researchers say.Source: The...

Loss of Male Sex Chromosome Leads to Earlier Death for Men

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Summary: Study reports that age-related loss of the Y chromosome in men is linked to heart muscle scarring and an increased risk of heart failure. The...

A Brain Network for Social Attraction

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Summary: A special network that runs from the retina deep into the brain may help mediate social attraction, a new study reveals.Source: Max Planck InstituteHumans are...

Wireless Activation of Targeted Brain Circuits in Less Than One Second

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Summary: A newly developed system uses wireless technology to remotely activate specific brain networks in fruit flies in less than one second.Source: Rice UniversityA research team...

Could Eating Fruit More Often Keep Depression at Bay?

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Summary: People who regularly snack on fruit are less likely to report symptoms of depression and more likely to report positive well-being. Those who indulge in...

Stress Transmitter Wakes Your Brain More Than 100 Times a Night, and It Is...

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Summary: Noradrenaline, a stress-related neurotransmitter, may cause you to wake at night but researchers say it’s a normal part of a good night’s sleep.Source: University of...

Why Do Embarrassing Memories Seem to Surface at Night?

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Summary: During REM sleep, the locus coeruleus stops releasing noradrenaline. By blocking the cascade, the association between memory and emotional response is broken. This may not...

Even in Sleep, Your Brain’s Neurons Are Humming Along to Mozart

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Summary: A study of the cerebral cortex discovered there is a robust response to sound during sleep that largely mirrored the brain’s response during wakefulness. However,...

Is Stroke Linked to Depression Before It Occurs?

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Summary: Symptoms of depression preceded the onset of stroke in a number of patients, and depression symptoms worsened following the stroke.Source: AANWhile depression is a common...

Love Isn’t the Drug – Oxytocin Supplements Unlikely to Mend Marriages

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Summary: Despite oxytocin nasal sprays being touted as a potential panacea to save broken relationships, researchers say it’s highly unlikely to work. Nasal oxytocin does have...

Poor Diet and Household Chaos May Impair Young Children’s Cognitive Skills

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Summary: In young children, poor nutrition coupled with living in a chaotic environment may be detrimental to cognitive and executive function.Source: University of IllinoisPoor nutrition coupled...

Spirituality Linked With Better Health Outcomes

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Summary: Spirituality can have a positive impact when it comes to both general and serious illness, researchers say. Incorporating spirituality into health care for those who...

Study Provides First Evidence of Link Between Opioid Use Disorder and Chronic Pain

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Summary: Centralized sensation, or abnormal pain processing in the brain and spinal cord, may be an important underlying factor complicating the treatment of chronic pain in...

Could a Computer Diagnose Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia?

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Summary: A new machine-learning algorithm is able to accurately detect cognitive impairment by analyzing voice recordings.Source: Boston UniversityIt takes a lot of time—and money—to diagnose Alzheimer’s...

Stress Affects Fetus’ Ability to Absorb Iron

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Summary: Chronic stress experienced by a woman in the later stages of pregnancy can affect her fetus’ ability to absorb iron by up to 15%. Researchers...

Buying Into Conspiracy Theories Can Be Exciting – That’s What Makes Them Dangerous

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Summary: Conspiracy theories aren’t just appealing because of the alternative “information” they provide, they also evoke emotional responses that can be detrimental.Source: The ConversationConspiracy theories have...

Humans Are Aggressive, Sometimes Too Much – Could ‘Moral Enhancement’ Technologies Offer a Solution?

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Summary: Researchers assess whether using modern technologies such as neuromodulation and gene editing could provide “moral enhancement” and curb aggressive behaviors.Source: The ConversationIt’s a mistake to...

Study Examines Memory in Birdwatchers, Finds Having Expert Knowledge Helps Us Memorize New Information

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Summary: Having expert knowledge in a subject helps us better memorize new information, a new study finds.Source: BaycrestThe next time someone asks you to stop sharing...

Mindfulness Meditation Reduces Pain by Separating It From the Self

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Summary: Mindfulness meditation interrupted communication between brain areas involved in processing pain sensations and areas that produce the sense of self. This resulted in reduced pain...

Antibiotic Treatments May Make Us More Susceptible to Negative Emotions

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Summary: Recent antibiotic use impacts the way in which people pay attention to negative facial expressions. Findings shed light on how antibiotic use can increase the...

Poor Physical and Mental Health Among Older Adults Linked to Childhood Abuse History

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Summary: Older adults who experienced physical abuse as children are significantly more likely to develop chronic pain and other chronic health issues. Additionally, they are also...

Hunger Really Can Make Us Feel ‘Hangry’

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Summary: Lab-based studies revealed hunger was associated with increased irritability and stronger feelings of anger, along with a decrease in feelings of pleasure.Source: Anglia Ruskin UniversityNew...

Depression in Fathers and Children Linked, Regardless of Genetic Relatedness

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Summary: Paternal depression may contribute to adolescent depression and behavioral problems, regardless of whether or not the father and child are genetically related, researchers say.Source: Penn...

How the Brain Keeps the Urge to Act in Check

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Summary: Researchers identified a brain region responsible for driving action, and another that suppresses action. The study reports impulsive behaviors can be triggered or suppressed by...

Sleep Problems Can Lead To Teen Depression

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Summary: Delayed circadian rhythms and sleep disruptions may be a cause of teen depression, rather than a symptom that develops as a result of the mental...

Can an Electric Zap Trick Our Brains Into Reducing Our Salt Intake?

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Summary: Researchers have developed a chop stick-like device that uses a weak electrical current to stimulate the tongue and enhance the taste of salt. The device...

Digitaal onderwijsrijbewijs voor docenten kunstonderwijs – Onderwijs & studenten

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De - hopelijk - net afgelopen coronacrisis vormt een duidelijke wake up call voor...

Alcohol Changes Brain Activity Differently in Male and Female Mice

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Summary: Alcohol consumption affects amygdala oscillations differently in male and female mice, especially after repeated exposure.Source: SfNAlcohol alters synchronized brain activity in the amygdala of mice,...

Miniature, Implantable Nerve Coolers for Targeted Pain Relief

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Summary: Researchers have developed a new implantable device that can “cool” nerves and provide on-demand pain relief for those suffering from neuropathic or chronic pain.Source: AAASAn...

Optimaliseren van de doorstroom van levenslang lerenden (+25) in Odisee – Onderwijs & studenten

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Eén van de handelingsprincipes van Odisee is het vormgeven van een inclusieve leer- en...

For Dreamers, Optimism Rules – Neuroscience News

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Summary: While popular culture encourages us all to “dream big”, researchers say it is important to ground those dreams with a dose of reality.Source: Rutgers University“Social...

Struggling With Positive Thinking? Research Shows Grumpy Moods Can Actually Be Useful

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Summary: Defensive pessimism can help individuals, especially those who are more anxious, to improve positive thinking and decision-making.Source: The ConversationAs psychiatry, which uses medical and biological...

Het duurzaam begeleiden van wendbare curriculumbouw in opleidingen (WeCurBo) – Onderwijs & studenten

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Opleidingen binnen UCLL staan voor grote uitdagingen. In de snel transformerende maatschappij en arbeidsmarkt...

CPTSD: A New Diagnosis Category in Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

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Summary: Researchers provide a new summary of symptoms for the diagnosis of CPTSD, a sibling disorder of PTSD that has recently been officially recognized by the...

When ASD Occurs With Intellectual Disability, a Convergent Mechanism for Two Top-Ranking Risk Genes...

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Summary: Mutations in the ASD/intellectual disability genes ADNP and POGZ result in abnormal activation and overexpression of immune response genes and genes for microglia. This results...

Het leerproces zichtbaar maken om studenten te helpen groeien als zelfsturende professionals: een verkenning...

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Hoe kunnen we studenten ondersteunen in hun groei tot zelfsturende professional door in te...

Youngest Children Within Their School Year Are More Likely to Be Treated for ADHD

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Summary: Study reports the youngest children in a class are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD, suggesting immaturity in a peer group may influence diagnosis.Source:...

Stress During Pregnancy Can Affect Child’s Diet

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Summary: Stress during pregnancy negatively impacts a child’s dietary preferences and overall diet, a new study reports.Source: Columbia UniversityMothers’ exposure to stress during pregnancy could have...

Research Sheds Light on Mechanism by Which Long-Term Anti-Anxiety Drug Use Affects the Brain

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Summary: Study reveals a possible mechanism by which anxiolytic medications act on the brain, leading to cognitive impairment.Source: ANSTOANSTO health researchers have contributed to an international...

How Do We Explore Our Knowledge to Be Creative?

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Summary: Researchers say creativity is linked to two different semantic memory processes.Source: Paris Brain InstituteComing up with a creative idea requires us to draw on all...

Black People in the Us Twice as Likely to Face Coercion, Unconsented Procedures During...

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Summary: Black women in the US are twice as likely to be coerced into procedures during perinatal and birth, and to undergo them without explicit consent...

Gender Differences in Behaviors Linked to Faster Cognitive Decline

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Summary: Behavioral changes in men later in life including apathy and having false beliefs was associated with a risk of faster cognitive decline.Source: University of ...

Scent of a Friend: Similarities in Body Odor May Contribute to Social Bonding

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Summary: People have a tendency to form friendships with others who have a similar natural body odor, a new study reports. Using an electronic eNose to...

Higher Protein Intake While Dieting Leads to Healthier Eating

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Summary: Incorporating a high-protein eating plan while dieting leads to healthier overall eating choices and helps reduce the loss of lean body mass. Reduced loss of...

The Mathematics of Human Behavior: New Model Can Spot Liars and Counter Disinformation

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Summary: A new mathematical model has the potential to accurately distinguish a misunderstanding from false information and lies.Source: The ConversationUnderstanding the human mind and behavior lies...

Eye Movements Could Be the Missing Link in Our Understanding of Memory

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Summary: Visual scanpaths during memory retrieval tasks were associated with the quality of the memory. Researchers say the replay of a sequence of eye movements helps...

Theta Waves: A Marker of Emotional Regulation

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Summary: Emotional regulation was linked to theta wave activity in the frontal cortex of the brain.Source: University of MontrealWithout realizing it, we all rely on emotional...

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