Dysfunctional Synaptic Function Is Key to Schizophrenia

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Summary: Schizophrenia itself is associated with loss of excitation, but hallucinations and other symptoms of the disorder are caused by a loss of synaptic inhibition.Source: ElsevierSchizophrenia,...

Second-Hand Psychological Stress Can Lead to Depression

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Summary: Mouse study reveals chronic stress affects neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus.Source: Tokyo University of ScienceDepression is a serious medical condition that plagues modern society. Several...

The Quality, Not Quantity, of Cardiovascular Fat Can Interfere With Memory Later in Life

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Summary: Greater radiodensity of perivascular adipose tissue in women during midlife was associated with decreased working memory performance later in life.Source: NAMSA worsening cardiovascular profile after...

New Bionics Center Established at MIT with $24 Million Gift

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A deepening understanding of the brain has created unprecedented opportunities to alleviate the challenges posed by disability. Scientists and engineers are taking design cues from biology...

A Possible Connections Between Oxytocin and Instagram

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Summary: Researchers discovered people with a specific variant of the oxytocin receptor gene OXTR follow more people on Instagram. However, there no evidence was found to...

Sniffing Out How Associative Memories Are Formed

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Summary: Dopamine-controlled fan cells in the lateral entorhinal cortex are required for the formation of associative memories.Source: UC IrvineHas the scent of freshly baked chocolate chip...

Psychosis Risk Linked to Cats

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Summary: Toxoplasma exposure can increase the likelihood of developing psychosis in those with risk factors for mental health disorders, a new study reports.Source: OrygenExposure to toxoplasma,...

Which Types of Brain Activity Support Conscious Experiences?

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Summary: Brain activity during conscious wakefulness presents large integrated and dynamic network modules which fragment during sleep.Source: AIPConsciousness remains one of the brain’s biggest mysteries. We...

Can Cocoa Consumption Help Us Age Better?

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Summary: Cocoa consumption could reduce inflammation and epigenetic aging, ultimately reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease and other diseases associated with aging.Source: Medical College of Georgia...

Drug Targets for Memory Enhancement

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Summary: Researchers identified specific receptors for acetylcholine that reroute information flow through memory circuits in the hippocampus. The findings could have implications for the development of...

Time Until Dementia Symptoms Appear Can Be Estimated via Brain Scan

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Summary: A new algorithm uses neuroimaging data of amyloid levels in the brain and takes into account a person’s age to determine when a person with...

How Scents Take On Meaning

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Summary: The olfactory system works in combination with the brain’s reward and aversion systems in both learning and memory formation.Source: RUBResearchers studied how the processing of...

True Behavior of Dopamine Will Reshape How We Treat Psychiatric Diseases and Addiction

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Summary: A new study finds dopamine increases responses to stressful stimuli, not just pleasurable ones. The findings could have implications for the treatment of mental health...

Consuming Fruit and Vegetables and Exercising Can Make You Happier

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Summary: First of a kind study reveals the causal relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption, exercise, and happiness, rather than a generalized correlation.Source: University of KentNew...

No, Stress Isn’t Always Bad. Here’s How to Harness It

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Summary: Reinterpreting stress response as performance-enhancing makes people less anxious and improves general wellbeing, researchers report.Source: University of RochesterSweaty palms during a job interview. Racing heartbeat...

Primate Mothers May Carry Infants After Death as a Way of Grieving

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Summary: Studying 50 species of primates, researchers found 80% of the species studied performed corpse carrying behaviors as a way to process grief. Following the loss...

Tracking time in the brain

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By studying how primates mentally measure time, scientists at MIT’s McGovern Institute have discovered that the brain runs an internal clock whose speed is set by...

Social Isolation Can Be Deadly for Older Adults

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Summary: Socially isolated older adults are more likely to die when admitted to ICU or face an increased risk of disability once discharged than those who...

Cholesterol Drives Alzheimer’s Plaque Formation

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Summary: Cholesterol produced by astrocytes in the brain is required for the production of amyloid-beta. The findings shed light on how and why amyloid-beta forms, and...

Too Much Free Time May Be Almost as Bad as Too Little

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Summary: Having too much free time can be almost as bad for your overall wellbeing as having little or no time to yourself, researchers report.Source: APAAs...

Mimicking Nature to Provide Long-Lasting Local Anesthesia

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Summary: A new bio-inspired slow-release system for site 1 sodium channel blockers helps release anesthesia, providing prolonged nerve blocking with minimal toxicity.Source: Boston Children’s HospitalSite 1...

Single gene linked to repetitive behaviors, drug addiction

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Making and breaking habits is a prime function of the striatum, a large forebrain region that underlies the cerebral cortex. McGovern researchers have identified a particular...

Regular Exercise May Lower Risk of Developing Anxiety by Almost 60%

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Summary: Those who exercise regularly may lower their risk of developing anxiety by 60%, researchers report.Source: FrontiersA quick online search for ways to improve our mental...

AI Can Make Better Clinical Decisions Than Humans

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Summary: Machine learning algorithm produced fewer decision-making errors than professionals when it came to clinical diagnosis of patients.Source: University of MontrealIt’s an old adage: there’s no...

Who’s in Cognitive Control? – Neuroscience News

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Summary: Differences in cognitive control appear to be a matter of degree in healthy individuals.Source: WUSTLAre you able to start a task and stick with it,...

Small, Mighty Robots Mimic the Powerful Punch of Mantis Shrimp

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Summary: Engineers have created a new robot that models the mechanics of the strong punch of the mantis shrimp.Source: US Army Research LaboratoryModeling the mechanics of...

Personality Matters, Even for Squirrels

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Summary: Squirrels have four main personality traits, researchers report. Understanding how an animal’s personality influences use of space may be important for wildlife conservation.Source: UC DavisHumans...

Researchers Build a Cellular Blueprint of Multiple Sclerosis Lesions

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Summary: Analyzing the gene activity of 66,000 cells from human brain tissue, researchers generated a comprehensive map of cell types associated with brain lesions in multiple...

New programmable gene editing proteins found outside of CRISPR systems

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Comparison of Ω (OMEGA) systems with other known RNA-guided systems. In contrast to CRISPR systems, which capture spacer sequences and store them in the locus within...

Childhood Gender Nonconformity in Boys Linked to Early Androgens

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Summary: Male children with isolated GnRH deficiency (IGD), a rare endocrine disorder associated with a lack of sex hormone during the second trimester of development, report...

Reversal of the Biological Hallmarks Responsible for Development of Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia Using...

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Summary: Hyperbaric oxygen therapy improved cerebral blood flow by up to 23%, alleviating vascular dysfunction and amyloid burden in elderly patients. The treatment also improved memory...

Studying Culturally Endorsed Parental Lies

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Summary: Study will focus on the social and cultural reasons that drive parents to mislead or induce false beliefs in their children.Source: George Mason UniversityThalia Goldstein, Associate Professor of...

What the Brain Shows: The Benefits of Virtual Reality in Creative Arts Therapies

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Summary: Reduced activity in the prefrontal cortex during virtual reality creative self-expression tasks indicates an enhanced relaxation response.Source: Drexel UniversityVirtual reality (VR) continues to expand its...

Boom in Social Stress May Contribute to Population Decline

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Summary: Researchers hypothesis the projected decline in global population by 2064 will be a result of social stress.Source: UMassA University of Massachusetts Amherst environmental health scientist...

Massage Stones Help Uncover Role of Prefrontal Cortex in Sensory Perception

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Summary: Findings shed new light on the role the prefrontal cortex plays in sensory processing and perception.Source: University of TorontoAn image of a beautiful beach conjures...

School of Science welcomes new faculty

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This fall, MIT welcomes new faculty members — six assistant professors and two tenured professors — to the departments of Biology; Brain and Cognitive Sciences; Chemistry;...

People Look Alike if We Think They Have Similar Personalities

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Summary: Knowledge of an individual’s personality can influence the perception of a face’s identity and bias it toward unrelated people or identities, researchers report.Source: NYUDo Vladimir...

Single Neurons Might Behave as Networks

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Summary: Findings could advance the development of deep learning networks based on real neurons that will enable them to perform more complex and more efficient learning...

RNA-targeting enzyme expands the CRISPR tool kit

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DNA tools in the CRISPR tool kit (red) are approaching capacity, but researchers are now beginning to find new tools to edit RNA (blue). Image: Steven...

Comparing Seniors Who Relocate Long-Distance Shows Where You Live Affects Your Longevity

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Summary: A new study of older adults who relocated reveals certain areas and locations can enhance longevity more than others.Source: MITWould you like to live longer?...

Early Changes to the Extracellular Space in the Hippocampus Under Simulated Microgravity Conditions

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Summary: Findings shed light on the mechanisms underlying brain damage in microgravity.Source: Science China PressAlthough they have been investigated for the last decade, the mechanisms that...

What’s in a Face? Face-Type Judgments Could Lead to Bias

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Summary: People are more likely to make racially stereotyped judgments about others when their facial features are considered typical of a racial or ethnic group.Source: Georgia...

AI Can Predict Possible Alzheimer’s With Nearly 100 Percent Accuracy

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Summary: A new AI algorithm can predict the onset of Alzheimer’s disease with an accuracy of over 99% by analyzing fMRI brain scans.Source: Kaunas University of...

Gut and Heart Signals Affect How We See Ourselves

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Summary: Study reveals the strength of the connection between the brain and internal organs is associated with how a person feels about their appearance. Weaker brain...

New AI Algorithm Improves Brain Stimulation Devices to Treat Disease

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Summary: Novel AI technology allows researchers to understand which brain regions directly interact with each other, which helps guide the placement of electrodes for DBS to...

Journal Scan – This Month in Other Journals, September 2021

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1. Alomari S, Lubelski D, Sacino AN, et al. Does myelopathy increase the morbidity and mortality...

Does Our Mind’s Eye Match Real Life? Study Shows Differences in How We Perceive...

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Summary: Study reveals individual differences in how we perceive and imagine visual images we have seen.Source: University of PlymouthWe are all used to seeing the 3D...

Study Highlights Mental Health Impacts of Isolation

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Summary: Following periods of acute isolation, female mice display a strong desire to socialize with other females by significantly increasing their production of social calls that...

When Humans Play in Competition With a Humanoid Robot, They Delay Their Decisions When...

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Summary: The gaze of a humanoid robot influences the way people react to social decision-making tasks.Source: IITGaze is an extremely powerful and important signal during human-human...

Closeness With Dads May Play Special Role in How Kids Weather Adolescence

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Summary: A close relationship with fathers has broad and positive effects across adolescence for both male and female children.Source: Penn StateAdolescence can be an emotionally turbulent...

Do You Hate Seeing People Fidget? You’re Not Alone

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Summary: Approximately one-third of people suffer from misokinesia, an anxious or frustrated reaction to watching another person fidgeting.Source: University of British ColumbiaDo you get anxious, annoyed...

First Atomic-Level Imaging of Lethal Prions Provide Sharpened Focus for Potential Treatments

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Summary: Cryogenic-electron microscopy allowed researchers to determine the basic building blocks of prion proteins, including the placements of their amino acids.Source: Case Western ReserveThe highest-ever resolution...

News and Images From Afghanistan Can Trigger PTSD in Military Veterans

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Summary: Current events surrounding the withdrawal from Afghanistan and the extensive news coverage can trigger post-traumatic stress in those who served in military conflicts, including Iraq...

Dunbar’s Number: Why the Theory That Humans Can Only Maintain 150 Friendships Has Withstood...

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Summary: Thirty years ago, Robin Dunbar theorized humans can maintain a friendship group of 150 people, with five intimate friendships. Despite many attempts to challenge the...

Abusive Messages From a Partner Increase the Likelihood of Experiencing Mental Illness and Suicidal...

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Summary: People who receive threatening or obscene text messages and other communications from current or former partners are more likely to experience mental health problems including...

Treatment That May Be Viable For Human Brain Cancer Discovered

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Summary: A new STING treatment induces immunological responses that allow the immune system to fight otherwise immunological resistant glioblastoma cancer cells, researchers report.Source: Texas A&MA team...

What’s the Cost of Self-Control? New Study Tabulates the Bill

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Summary: Study reveals the measures we take to prevent having to exert self-control in daily life.Source: NYUA team of researchers has identified measures we take in...

Postponed Retirement Slows Cognitive Decline

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Summary: Working until the age of 67 slows cognitive decline and appears to be neuroprotective against cognitive impairments and dementias.Source: Max Planck InstitutePostponing retirement is protective...

Almost 600 Genetic Locations Linked to Antisocial Behavior, Addiction, and More Identified

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Summary: Researchers have identified 579 genetic loci associated with increased risk of disorders associated with self-regulation disorders including addiction, ADHD, and anti-social behavior.Source: Virginia Commonwealth UniversityAn...

Brain Circuitry That Motivates Mating in Mice Identified

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Summary: Study reveals the precise hypothalamic neurons associated with mating motivation in mice. The findings could lead to new treatments for psychiatric disorders which do not...

Imran Uddin benoemd tot Algemeen Directeur Associatie KU Leuven – Nieuws & events

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Op 1 oktober 2021 treedt Imran Uddin aan als Algemeen Directeur van de Associatie KU Leuven....

Investigating the Adolescent Brain Through Film Watching

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Adolescence provides a unique opportunity for neuroscientists to understand an important in-between step in brain development. Straddling the worlds between adulthood and childhood, adolescents often are...

There’s a Bright Side to Being a ‘Debbie Downer’

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Summary: A mixed set of daily activities can prompt both positive and negative activities, but that’s not a bad thing, researchers say.Source: USFNew research shows that...

Adult Brain Tumor Incidence Rates Are Decreasing but 5-Year Survival Rates Remain Low

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Summary: While incidence rates of malignant brain cancers have declined over recent years, the five-year survival rate for brain cancer patients remains low.Source: American Cancer SocietyA...

Prozac Changes Fat Composition of the Brain

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Summary: Prozac reduced polyunsaturated fatty acid lipid concentrations in the brains of juvenile macaque monkeys.Source: SkoltechSkoltech researchers and their colleagues from Russia, Germany, and the U.S....

How Music Strengthens the Brain

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Summary: Learning music can help fortify neural pathways associated with cognitive function and could help to stave off dementia, researchers report.Source: Mayo ClinicMusic soothes, energizes and...

Being Chased, Losing Your Teeth or Falling Down? What Science Says About Recurring Dreams

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Summary: Two-thirds of people report experiencing recurring dreams, especially during times of stress. Researchers evaluate how the phenomenon occurs, and factors that contribute to recurring dreams.Source:...

Magnets Could Offer Better Control of Prosthetic Limbs

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Summary: Using magnetic beads implanted into muscle tissue within the amputated residuum of animals, researchers have created a more precise way to control prosthetic limbs.Source: MITFor...

Hearing Loss Could Be Cause of Depression in Older People

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Summary: Hearing loss was associated with an increased risk of depression in older adults. Those of lower socioeconomic status were twice as likely to report symptoms...

Neuroactive Steroids May Induce Prolonged Antidepressant Effects by Altering Brain States

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Summary: Allopregnanolone, a neuroactive steroid used in the treatment of postpartum depression, alters neural communication in the basolateral amygdala, an area of the brain associated with...

Mehrdad Jazayeri wants to know how our brains model the external world

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Much of our daily life requires us to make inferences about the world around us. As you think about which direction your tennis opponent will hit...

Mindfulness May Improve Cognition in Older Adults

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Summary: Mindfulness and meditation may offer small but significant benefits to cognition, especially in older adults.Source: UCLMindfulness may provide modest benefits to cognition, particularly among older...

Smells and Emotions Tug on the Brain’s Habenula

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Summary: The habenula relays external information, such as sight and smell, along with internal states associated with emotion and learning to brain regions that govern adaptive...

Jacqueline Lees and Rebecca Saxe named associate deans of science

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Jaqueline Lees and Rebecca Saxe have been named associate deans serving in the MIT School of Science. Lees is the Virginia and D.K. Ludwig Professor for...

Both Early Experiences and Gene Expression Influence Impulsivity

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Summary: Studying red junglefowl chicks, researchers conclude impulsivity is linked to both gene expression and early life experiences.Source: Linköping UniversityDifferences in impulsivity between individuals are linked...

The Brain’s ‘Prediction Machine’ Anticipates the Future When Listening to Music

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Summary: When it comes to anticipating how a song will progress, the human brain considers the rhythm and beats that came before.Source: APSWhether listening to a...

Scientists harness human protein to deliver molecular medicines to cells

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Researchers from MIT, the McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard have...

A Parent’s Genes Can Influence a Child’s Educational Success, Inherited or Not

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Summary: Genetic nurture, the concept that the parent’s genes indirectly influence their children by shaping the environment they provide for them, is almost equally important in...

Physical Activity Associated With Better Cognition in Breast Cancer Patients

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Summary: A new study reports a strong association between high levels of physical activity and the ability to maintain cognitive function in breast cancer patients who...

Histamine and Inflammation Could Be Key Players in Depression

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Summary: A new study adds to the growing body of research linking inflammation to depression. Researchers found the molecule histamine directly inhibits the release of serotonin...

Emotion in Stories Gets Our Attention, and Attention Affects Our Memories

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Summary: Self-reported engagement in the narrative of a TV show synchronizes across people at the same points in the storyline. The synchronization was driven by the...

Loss of Placental Hormone Linked to Brain and Social Behavior Changes

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Summary: Reduced amounts of the placental hormone allopregnanolone caused behavioral and developmental changes in the brains of male mouse offspring similar to those seen in autism.Source:...

How Testosterone Works in the Brain

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Summary: A new study is set to discover precisely which aspects of social behavior androgens regulate and how they do it.Source: University of HoustonMost people have...

Just 10% Of Kids With ADHD Outgrow It

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Summary: Contrary to popular belief, most children with ADHD do not grow out of the disorder. Instead, it manifests in different ways during adulthood through verbal...

High BMI Causes Depression, Both Physical and Social Factors Play a Role

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Summary: Both physical and social factors play significant roles in depression and reports of poor wellbeing associated with obesity.Source: University of ExeterA largescale new study provides...

Cats Prefer to Get Free Meals Rather Than Work for Them

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Summary: Domestic cats choose not a contrafreeload, a behavior where most animals prefer to work for their food.Source: UC DavisWhen given the choice between a free...

Brain Cholesterol Regulates Alzheimer’s Plaques

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Summary: A new advanced imaging technique shows how cholesterol regulates the production of Alzheimer’s associated amyloid beta proteins in astrocytes.Source: Scripps Research InstituteA team co-led by...

How a Specific Synapse Type Regulates Anxiety-Like Behavior

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Summary: Study identifies the role a specific protein plays in regulating the development of inhibitory synapses in the hippocampus in the context of anxiety-related behaviors.Source: DGISTThe...

Deep Learning Model Classifies Brain Tumors With Single MRI Scan

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Summary: A new AI model can accurately classify a brain tumor of one of six common cancer types from a single MRI brain scan image.Source: RSNAA...

Lyme Disease Heightens Risk of Mental Disorders and Suicidality

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Summary: People with no prior mental health diagnosis who contract Lyme disease have a 42% higher risk of developing an affective disorder, such as depression, and...

Some Diabetes Drugs Reduce Risk and Symptoms of Alzheimer’s

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Summary: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors, a class of drug that reduces blood sugar in type 2 diabetes, were associated with less amyloid accumulation in the brain and...

Memory and Information Processing Affected by Isolation

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Summary: 30% of people reported changes in cognition, memory, and problems with information processing as a result of social isolation caused by pandemic lockdowns.Source: University of...

Essential Oils Can Be Beneficial for Your Health and Mood

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Summary: Researchers report essential oils may help improve mood and symptoms in those with anxiety and depression due to anti-oxidant effects on the brain.Source: Monash UniversityNew...

Belief in Social Darwinism Linked to Dysfunctional Psychological Characteristics

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Summary: Those who subscribe to the theory of Social Darwinism tend to be more hostile to others, admire power, are more exploitative, and have lower self-esteem,...

Tiny ‘Maniac’ Robots Could Deliver Drugs Directly to Central Nervous System

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Summary: Magnetic microrobots move against fluid flow and precisely deliver substances to neural materials.Source: FrontiersWould you let a tiny MANiAC travel around your nervous system to...

How Bats React to the Decoy Effect

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Summary: In terms of consumer behavior, when people are presented with two options, they most often go for the cheapest item. Yet, when a third, middle-priced...

Why People Snub Their Friends With Their Phone

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Summary: Phubbing, a behavior where people snub their friends in favor of looking at their cell phones, may be linked to depression and anxiety. The behavior...

‘Triple Contagion’: How Fears Influence Coronavirus Transmission

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Summary: A new mathematical model incorporates fear, both of infection and vaccination, to better understand how pandemics occur in multiple waves of infection, as we are...

Frequent Peanut Consumption May Increase Cancer Spread in Patients

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Summary: A new study reports cancer patients who frequently eat peanuts may be at increased risk of their cancer spreading. Researchers found Peanut agglutinin (PNA), a...

Nutritional Supplements Could Help Treat PTSD

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Summary: Combining two natural products that modulate the epigenome, researchers believe they have identified a feasible approach to reversing symptoms of PTSD in animal models that...

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