Neurology is as much defined by its diseases as by the people who named them. In many cases, it is a no brainer that Benjamin Duchenne described Duchenne muscular dystrophy, and that Charle’s Bell is linked to Bell’s palsy. Similarly, it goes without saying that Guido Werdnig and Johann Hoffmann defined Werdnig-Hoffmann disease, and that Sergei Korsakoff depicted Korsakoff’s psychosis. The same goes for Adolf Wallenberg and Wallenberg’s syndrome, and Augusta Dejerine Klumpke and Klumpke’s paralysis. The same applies to neurological clinical signs, with Moritz Romberg and Romberg’s sign, Henreich Rinne and Rinne’s test, Joseph Babinski and Babinski sign, and Joseph Brudzinski with Brudzinki’s sign.

Reunion of neurologists at the Salpêtrière hospital. Photograph, 1926 https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=36322408

But whilst we celebrate George Huntington, Alois Alzheimer, and James Parkinson for the syndromes that bear their names, we must remember that many diseases never got labelled with the names of their discoverers. Who, for example, defined narcolepsy and delirium tremens? This blog post is therefore an ode to the faceless and nameless neurology icons whose contributions are at risk of being forgotten in the mist of time. To inject some fairness into the naming game, here are 25 non-eponymous neurological diseases and the people who discovered, defined, or named them.

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Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

Készítette: Unidentified photographer – http://resource.nlm.nih.gov/101425121, Közkincs, Hivatkozás

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Aphantasia

Link

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Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP)

By Dr. Jana – http://docjana.com/#/saltatory ; https://www.patreon.com/posts/4374048, CC BY 4.0, Link

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Corticobasal degeneration (CBD)

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cd/ProteineTau.jpg

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Epilepsy

Hippocrates. Eden, Janine and Jim on Flickr. https://www.flickr.com/photos/edenpictures/8278213840

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Essential tremor

By Undescribed – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, Link

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Frontotemporal dementia (FTD)

Link

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Inclusion body myositis (IBM)

CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

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Meningitis

Link

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Migraine

By Cesaree01 – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, Link

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Multiple sclerosis (MS)

“Journal.pone.0057573.g005” http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0057573#pone-0057573-g005. Licensed under CC BY 2.5 via Wikimedia Commons.

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Multiple system atrophy (MSA)

By Kenneth J. Nichols,Brandon Chen, Maria B. Tomas, and Christopher J. Palestro – Kenneth J. Nichols et al. 2018. Interpreting 123I–ioflupane dopamine transporter scans using hybrid scores., CC BY 4.0, Link

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Myasthenia gravis (MG)

By Unknown author – http://ihm.nlm.nih.gov/images/B25782, Public Domain, Link 

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Myotonic dystrophy

By Unknown author – reprinted in [1], Public Domain, Link 

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Neurofibromatosis

By Unknown author – IHM, Public Domain, Link 

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Narcolepsy

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/74/Jean_Baptiste_Edouard_G%C3%A9lineau.jpg

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Poliomyelitis

By Manuel Almagro Rivas – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, Link

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Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP)

By Dr Laughlin Dawes – radpod.org, CC BY 3.0, Link

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Restless legs syndrome (RLS)

By Peter McDermott, CC BY-SA 2.0, Link

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Stiff person syndrome (SPS)

By Pecatum – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, Link

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Synaesthesia

Synaesthesia. aka Tman on Flickr. https://www.flickr.com/photos/rundwolf/7001467111/

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Stroke

Neuroimaging in Acute Stroke.Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0), CC BY 4.0, Link

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Tabes dorsalis

h Link

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Trigeminal neuralgia

G Link

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Tuberous sclerosis

Link

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Let us then celebrate the pioneers…eponymous and anonymous alike.

 

What’s in a name? Jack Dorsey on Flickr. https://www.flickr.com/photos/jackdorsey/170257936



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