Five MIT faculty elected 2021 AAAS Fellows

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Five MIT faculty members have been elected as fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). The 2021 class of AAAS Fellows includes 564...

The Best Way to Fix a Sad Mood: Whatever You Think Works Best

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Summary: Those who were sad had rapid improvements in mood when they utilized their strongest skills.Source: Ohio StateWhat’s the best way to improve a sad mood?...

New Findings Shed Light on Gut Microbiota Transplantation

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Summary: Microbiota transplanted from both autologous and heterologous donors can be established in aged hosts and facilitate microbiota restoration following perturbation by antibiotics.Source: Chinese Academy of...

Cash Support for Low-Income Families Impacts Infant Brain Activity

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Summary: Infants from lower socioeconomic backgrounds show improvements in brain activity associated with learning and thinking after one year of monthly cash support provided to their...

Blood Proteins Could Be the Key to a Long and Healthy Life

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Summary: Researchers have identified two blood proteins that influence health and longevity. Developing drugs to target these proteins could help slow the aging process.Source: University of...

National Academy of Sciences honors cognitive neuroscientist Nancy Kanwisher

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MIT neuroscientist and McGovern Investigator Nancy Kanwisher. Photo: Jussi Puikkonen/KNAWThe National Academy of Sciences (NAS) has announced today that Nancy Kanwisher, the Walter A. Rosenblith Professor...

Social Isolation Among Older Adults Linked to Having Fewer Teeth

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Summary: Socially isolated older adults are more likely to have missing teeth and an accelerated rate of tooth loss compared to those with stronger social networks,...

Neurons That Control Locomotion – Neuroscience News

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Summary: Ventral spinocerebellar tract neurons (VSTNs) are necessary and sufficient for regulating locomotion in mice, a new study reports.Source: Cell PressFor more than a century, scientists...

Changes in Sleep and Biological Rhythms From Late Pregnancy to Postpartum Linked to Depression...

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Summary: Changes in the strength of circadian rhythms, the average amount of activity during nighttime rest, and the amount of fragmented sleep a woman experienced during...

Groundbreaking AI Technology Diagnoses COVID-19 In Minutes

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Summary: A novel deep convolutional neural network AI algorithm can detect COVID-19 within minutes with 98% accuracy.Source: University of the West of ScotlandPioneering Artificial Intelligence (AI)...

When People “Click” They Respond Faster to Each Other

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Summary: The more connected people feel toward each other, the quicker they are to respond to one another in a conversation.Source: Dartmouth CollegeWhen two people are...

Dementia: How to Prevent Cognitive Decline

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Summary: Identifying the optimal number of individual treatment sessions for those with cognitive decline associated with dementia is crucial for managing the neurodegenerative disease.Source: University of...

Fake It ‘Till You Make It? Study Finds It’s Better to Live In the...

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Summary: Smiling or hiding real emotions when feeling sad or anxious may not be as maladaptive as previously believed, a new study reports.Source: University of OttawaA...

Cannabis Use Produces Persistent Cognitive Impairments

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Summary: Cannabis use leads to cognitive impairments that extend beyond the period of intoxication.Source: Society for the Study of AddictionA systematic review published today in the...

Babies can tell who has close relationships based on one clue: saliva

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Learning to navigate social relationships is a skill that is critical for surviving in human societies. For babies and young children, that means learning who they...

Children’s Ability to Manage Emotions Is Linked to That of Their Parents

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Summary: Researchers report children with speech-language disorders or developmental language disorders have greater difficulty in regulating their emotions. The study also found the way in which...

Blood Test Measures the Pace of Biological Aging

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Summary: A newly developed blood test can measure the pace of biological aging by identifying specific DNA methylation marks.Source: Columbia UniversityResearchers at Columbia University Mailman School...

“Hey, Alexa! Are You Trustworthy?”: The More Social Behaviors AI Assistants Exhibit, the More...

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Summary: People tend to think voice-user AI interfaces such as Siri or Alexa are more competent and emotionally engaging if they exhibit social cues.Source: MITA family...

Study Highlights Connections Between Addictive Drugs and Brain Function in Mice

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Summary: Study reveals the specific changes that occur in the brains of mice exposed to cocaine. The findings shed new light on the role of dopamine...

Event kwaliteitszorg – Studiedagen & professionalisering

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Ruim twee jaar corona-onderwijs, wat is de impact daarvan op onze kwaliteitszorg? Heb je...

Could Childhood Inflammation or Infection Be a Cause of Depression and Psychosis?

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Summary: Infection, inflammation, and metabolic disorders early in life could increase the chances of developing depression and psychosis during adulthood.Source: Wolters Kluwer HealthA growing body of...

How to Remain Youthful and Resilient Despite Stress

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Summary: Stress can be a precursor to other mental health disorders including depression and anxiety, as well as a factor for premature aging. Researchers discuss stress...

Service-learning booster-campagne – Service-learning campagne

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WAAROM DEZE CAMPAGNE? De "Service-learning booster" campagne vormt één van de activiteiten in de samenwerking tussen 7 Vlaamse hogescholen rond service-learning.  UCLL, VIVES, Thomas More, Odisee, LUCA School of Arts, Arteveldehogeschool en...

Why Severe Depression Affects Women and Men Differently

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Summary: Researchers found alterations in different parts of the brain in males and females with severe depression. The findings also reveal a specific biomarker for depression...

Ozone Exposure Linked to Cognitive Decline in Older Adults

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Summary: Study establishes a robust link between ozone exposure and an increase in cognitive impairment in older adults.Source: YaleA new, large-scale study led by scientists at...

Service-learning in Arteveldehogeschool – Service-learning campagne

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"Buddy bij de wieg": een keuzevak binnen de opleidingen Vroedvrouwkunde en Sociaal Werk Studenten-buddies begeleiden...

Link Between Brain Cell Development and Risk of Schizophrenia Discovered

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Summary: The genetic disruption of specific cell processes crucial to brain development was linked to disease risk in a wide range of mental health disorders including...

New Screening Tool Developed to Automatically Identify Older Appearing Brains Typical of Dementia

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Summary: A new artificial intelligence algorithm analyses MRI data to accurately predict the age of a brain.Source: King’s College LondonResearchers from the School of Biomedical Engineering...

Service-learning in VIVES – Service-learning campagne

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“Praktijk en reflectie” , een vak binnen de Professionele Bachelor Maatschappelijk werk Binnen het 1e...

Nature Helps Us Cope With Body Image Threats

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Summary: Spending time in nature helps reduce negative feelings about body image and anxiety.Source: Anglia Ruskin UniversityA new study has found that being in nature helps...

Inflammatory Markers Are Conspicuous During an Early Stage of Alzheimer’s

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Summary: Proteins belonging to the TAM family receptors may be a new biomarker for Alzheimer’s disease. The elevated inflammatory markers are conspicuous, even before the onset...

Why We Feel Confident About Decisions We Make

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Summary: A new computational model found decisions people are most likely to feel right about are a result of the attentional effort to consciously weigh up...

Learning Through Guided Play Can Be as Effective as Adult-Led Instruction up to at...

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Summary: Study reports play-based learning may positively impact a young child’s acquisition of math skills compared to direct teaching.Source: University of CambridgeTeaching younger children through ‘guided’...

Ketamine and Psychological Therapy Helped Severe Alcoholics Abstain for Longer

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Summary: Combining psychological therapy with ketamine treatments resulted in longer periods of abstinence for those with severe alcohol use disorder, a new study reports.Source: University of...

The Surprisingly Simple Arithmetic of Smell

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Summary: The mechanisms behind olfaction may be far simpler than previously believed, researchers speculate.Source: WUSTLSmell a cup of coffee.Smell it inside or outside; summer or winter;...

Study Shows How Memories Are Stored in the Brain, With Potential Impact on Conditions...

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Summary: Alterations in synapses may help explain how memories form and why certain types of memories are stronger than others.Source: USCWhat physical changes occur in the...

Neurons Derived From Stem Cells Predict Psychosis and Cognitive Deficits in Individuals With Schizophrenia

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Summary: Clinical symptoms of schizophrenia, such as psychosis and cognitive deficits, can be predicted from the activity of neurons derived from a patient’s stem cells.Source: LIBDIn...

Using Neuroscience to Improve Justice and Outcomes for Youth

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CNS 2022: Q&A with B.J. Casey Looking back on her career to date, what stands out for B.J. Casey are the tremendous strides cognitive neuroscientists have made...

Smoking Increases Social Isolation and Loneliness

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Summary: Previous research indicated social isolation and loneliness is a driver of smoking behaviors. A new study reports smoking itself may lead to social isolation and...

Research Clears up How Brain ‘Cleaners’ Fail in ALS

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Summary: Findings point to microglial TREM2 as a potential target for the treatment of ALS.Source: Mayo ClinicIn preclinical studies, Mayo Clinic scientists and collaborators have identified...

Study Examines Attachment to God and Psychological Distress

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Summary: Researchers report religious people who relate to a God in an uncertain or anxious manner are more likely to experience psychological distress disorders, including anxiety,...

Novel Brainstem Circuit Gives Rise to the Rhythms of Vocalization

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Summary: A small cluster of neurons in the brainstem regulates tempo and coordinates vocalization with breathing.Source: UCSFThe vocal sounds of humans—laughing, crying, and the babbling of...

The craving state – MIT McGovern Institute

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This story originally appeared in the Winter 2022 issue of BrainScan. *** For people struggling with substance use disorders — and there are about 35 million of them...

Why People Deceive Themselves – Neuroscience News

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Summary: A new theory states self-deception helps people to remain motivated when faced with difficult situations.Source: RUBA philosophy team from Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) and the University...

Exercise Alters Brain Chemistry to Protect Aging Synapses

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Summary: Older adults who remain active have more of a class of proteins that enhance synapses to help maintain healthy cognitive function.Source: UCSFWhen elderly people stay...

Psilocybin, in 10mg or 25mg Doses, Has No Short- Or Long-Term Detrimental Effects in...

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Summary: Study demonstrates the safety and feasibility of psilocybin for the treatment of mental health disorders.Source: King’s College LondonNew research from the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology,...

Anxiety and PTSD Linked to Increased Myelin in Brain’s Gray Matter

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Summary: Researchers have discovered a link between anxiety behaviors and PTSD to an increase in myelin in the brain’s gray matter.Source: UC BerkeleyA recent study links...

New Treatment Leads to Much Less Overeating

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Summary: A new treatment system that focuses on the link between eating and mental health helps people with obesity make healthier decisions when it comes to...

Biomarkers Linked to Autism Risk Identified

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Summary: Researchers identified molecular signatures of gestational inflammation that appear to be biomarkers for autism risk. The immune signatures were identified in both maternal blood samples...

Hope for Children at Risk of Relapse in Depression

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Summary: Study examines the stability of an individual child’s depression and the effects of early life symptoms of depression on risks for developing depression later in...

How to Make Dry January a Success

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Summary: Each January, thousands of people resolve to forgo indulging in alcohol for a month. Researchers explore ways in which to succeed at your goal for...

Researchers Identify Biomarker for Depression and Antidepressant Response

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Summary: Researchers have identified a novel biomarker for depression and antidepressant response. The biomarker can be identified and monitored through blood samples.Source: University of IllinoisResearchers are...

When Mom Talks, Are Infants With ASD Listening?

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Summary: Infants and toddlers on the autism spectrum who showed the poorest neural responses to motherese, or baby-talk by parents, also displayed the most severe social...

Vitamin D Supplementation Does Not Improve Symptoms in People With Psychosis

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Summary: Study reveals there is no evidence a six-month course of vitamin D supplementation improves mental or physical health for those with psychosis. However, while vitamin...

Autism Can Be Identified as Early as the First Year of Life

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Summary: Study reveals symptoms of autism can be detected within the first year of a child’s life, and early detection can help with interventions that may...

‘Drained and Wary of the Future’: Why You Might Feel Different About New Year’s...

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Summary: Researchers discuss how two years of living with the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the types of New Year’s resolutions people are likely to make for...

The ‘Runner’s High’ May Result From Molecules Called Cannabinoids – The Body’s Own Version...

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Summary: New findings reveal exercise increases levels of endocannabinoids in the body. The findings may explain some of the beneficial effects of exercise on the brain...

Can an Accent Influence Moral Decision-Making?

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Summary: When presented with a moral decision in their native language by people with a foreign accent, people tend to make more rational decisions.Source: Radboud UniversityWhen...

Doesn’t an Excessive Intake of Simple Sugar Affect Higher Brain Function?

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Summary: A new study in mice found excessive sugar intake during puberty could be an environmental risk factor for the development of psychiatric disorders in those...

Running Out of Ideas? Dozing off Could Be the Secret to Unlocking Your Creativity

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Summary: Researchers report taking a small nap can significantly boost creativity.Source: The ConversationAt the fringe between wakefulness and sleep, there is a grey zone where our...

Neuroprotective Mechanism Altered by Alzheimer’s Disease Risk Genes

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Summary: In fruit fly models, an ABCA1 agonist can restore specific alterations of neuroprotective mechanisms associated with a genetic predisposition to Alzheimer’s disease.Source: Baylor College of...

Children Will Confront Their Peers, but How They Do So Varies Across Cultures

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Summary: Regardless of where children come from, they will challenge their peers who break the rules. However, how they challenge rule-breakers varies between cultures.Source: University of...

Autism-Linked Gene, if Deleted, Results in Less Myelin

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Summary: The deletion of the autism-associated Tbx1 gene results in slower cognitive processing and decreased myelin in mouse models.Source: UT Health San AntonioMyelin, a sheath of...

Neural Network Reveals New Insights Into How the Brain Functions

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Summary: A new computational method sheds light on the intricacies of brain structure and function.Source: Baylor College of MedicineTo better appreciate how a complex organ such...

Ketamine Therapy Swiftly Reduces Depression and Suicidal Thoughts

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Summary: Ketamine reduces symptoms of depression and suicidal thoughts within four hours of a single treatment, and the effects last for up to two weeks. Additional...

Feeling Stressed? It’s ‘a Bit Weird’, but Tapping Helps – And It’s Easy to...

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Summary: Researchers explain how stimulating acupressure points on the face and body can help relieve stress.Source: The ConversationAlmost two decades ago a colleague in the counselling...

How Neurons That Wire Together Fire Together

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Summary: A new study brings understanding how the brain processes information one step closer.Source: Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical ResearchFor amplifying sensory stimuli quickly and accurately,...

Key Neural Mechanism Believed to Support Advanced Cognitive Abilities Identified

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Summary: Researchers have identified a neural mechanism that supports advanced cognitive functions such as planning and problem-solving. The mechanism distributes information from a single neuron to...

Omega-3 Fish Oil Supplements Do Not Help Prevent Depression

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Summary: Study reveals there are no net benefits of omega-3 supplementation for preventing depression or boosting mood.Source: Mass GeneralResults from the largest clinical trial of its...

Botox Injections May Reduce Anxiety

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Summary: Patients who received botox injections at four different sites, not just the forehead, reported anxiety significantly less than those undergoing different treatments for the same...

Gum Disease Increases Risk of Other Illness Such as Mental Health and Heart Conditions

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Summary: People with periodontal disease have a 37% increased risk of developing anxiety, serious mental illness, and depression, and an 18% increased risk of developing cardiovascular...

1 in 5 Parents Say Their Holiday Stress Level Negatively Affects Their Child’s Enjoyment...

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Summary: A new study reveals how parental stress impacts the holiday season for children. One in five parents say their children have unrealistic expectations for the...

Rollercoaster of Emotions: Exploring Emotions With Virtual Reality

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Summary: A virtual rollercoaster ride in combination with EEG helped researchers determine how emotions are processed in the brain.Source: Max Planck InstituteTo the left and right,...

Key to How Exercise Protects Against Consequences of Aging

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Summary: Study reveals how an enzyme called NOX4 is essential for exercise-induced reactive oxygen species and the adaptive response that drives metabolic health.Source: Monash UniversityMonash University,...

Pain and Anxiety Impact Breathing on a Cellular Level

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Summary: Core neurons in the lateral parabrachial nucleus project to the amygdala, an area of the brain associated with fear and emotional processing of pain. Neurons...

Alzheimer’s Disease and the Holidays

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Summary: Researchers discuss how to accommodate family members with dementia over the holidays to make Christmas a meaningful and joyous event for the entire family.Source: Baylor...

‘Mini-Brains’ Provide Clues About Early Life Origins of Schizophrenia

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Summary: Brain organoid study reveals multiple changes in brain cells during early embryonic development may contribute to schizophrenia later in life.Source: Weill Cornell UniversityMultiple changes in...

Differences in Brain Structure and Genetics Linked to Chronic Pain

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Summary: Genetic differences contribute to both an increased risk of certain types of chronic pain and a reduction in the size of specific brain regions.Source: University...

Hip Hop Song Linked to a Reduction in Suicides in the US

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Summary: A popular hip hop song by Logic has led to an increase in calls to the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline and a reduction in suicide,...

Choline Transporter in the Brain Is Necessary for Tuning Out Unneeded Information

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Summary: The choline transporter protein regulates habituation to smells in fruit fly brains.Source: PLOSIn habituation, an organism gets so used to a ubiquitous sight, smell, sensation,...

How Ultrasound Could Be Used to Treat Psychiatric Disorders

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Summary: Low-intensity transcranial ultrasound stimulation helps modulate brain activity and behaviors associated with a range of psychiatric disorders, a new study reports.Source: University of PlymouthImagine passing...

Mindfulness Can Get Wandering Thoughts Back on Track

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Summary: Practicing mindfulness when your mind is wandering can help you regain attention, researchers report.Source: University of CincinnatiEveryone has times where their mind won’t stay on...

Vitamin B12 Deficiency Increases Risk of Depression

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Summary: People suffering from vitamin B12 deficiency are 51% more likely to develop depression over a four-year period. However, as a person’s age increased, the risk...

Running Down the Exercise ‘Sweet Spot’ to Reverse Cognitive Decline

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Summary: Researchers have identified a “sweet spot” during exercise that appears to reverse age-related cognitive decline and improves learning in mouse models.Source: University of QueenslandUniversity of...

Perfecting pitch perception – MIT McGovern Institute

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New research from MIT neuroscientists suggest that natural soundscapes have shaped our sense of hearing, optimizing it for the kinds of sounds we most often encounter. Mark...

New Insights About the Adolescent Brain

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CNS 2022: Q&A with Sarah-Jayne Blakemore Sarah-Jayne Blakemore studies topics that are on many people’s minds daily, especially those of us who are parents of teenagers: the...

Your Perception of Self Becomes Blurrier Over Time

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Summary: Self-perception becomes blurrier over time, the further away you get from the present, researchers report.Source: Dartmouth CollegeWhen you look at two objects close to you...

Speaking “Baby Talk” to Infants Isn’t Just Cute: It Could Help Them Learn to...

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Summary: Parents who use “baby talk” help their infants to produce speech, a new study reports.Source: University of FloridaA new study suggests that when parents baby...

Study Dispels Harmful Gender Dysphoria Myth

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Summary: A new study disputes the findings of a controversial 2018 study, confirming there is no evidence for rapid-onset gender dysphoria (ROGD). Researchers say the ROGD...

Malfunctioning Brain Cells a Potential Target for Alzheimer’s Treatment

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Summary: Researchers have identified a rare population of potentially toxic senescent cells that may be a novel target for Alzheimer’s disease therapies.Source: Wake Forest Baptist Medical...

Ways to Help Children Learn Forgiveness

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Summary: Children are more likely to forgive wrongdoers who apologize, especially if the offender is in their “in-group”, and the upset child possesses advanced Theory of...

What Happens in Our Cells After Exercise?

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Summary: A new approach pinpoints which proteins in the body’s cells are most critical for sugar absorption following exercise.Source: University of SydneyAn international team of researchers...

MIT response to Wall Street Journal opinion essay

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Following is an open statement in response to “Is MIT’s Research Helping the Chinese Military?”, an opinion essay by Michelle Bethel posted by the Wall Street...

Coping With Schizophrenia, When Emotions Can Be Too Much

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Summary: People with schizophrenia struggle to manage low-level negative emotions as the negative emotions increase. Those with schizophrenia are less likely to employ coping strategies when...

Fine-Tuning Motivation in the Brain

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Summary: Researchers implicate neurons in the anterior insula cortex as a driving force for motivation in the brain, according to a new mouse study.Source: CSHLA characteristic...

Junk Food and the Brain: How Modern Diets Lacking in Micronutrients May Contribute to...

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Summary: Researchers say there may be a link between eating an unhealthy diet and anger control.Source: The ConversationEmotional, non-rational, even explosive remarks in public discourse have...

Blood From Marathoner Mice Boosts Brain Function in Their Couch-Potato Counterparts

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Summary: Blood from young adult, fit mice benefits the brain of sedentary mice of the same age. A single protein, clusterin, appears to be largely responsible...

New Test Predicts if Impulsivity Is Pathological

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Summary: Acting more recklessly when your emotions run high can be correlated to your reaction speed to visually disturbing images, researchers report.Source: UC BerkeleyIf you can’t...

Which Personality Traits Can Be Improved Without Personal Motivation?

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Summary: Conscientiousness can be improved, even if a person has little motivation to change, researchers report.Source: SMUCould a company train an employee to become more conscientious,...

How Do Others Help Us Regulate Emotions?

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Summary: While interpersonal emotional regulation appears to be ubiquitous and the people we reach out to are often supportive, they may not always provide the emotional...

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