Potential Pathways to Treating Alcohol Use Disorder and Depression Identified

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Summary: Blocking hippocampal STAT3 in those with alcohol use disorder may alleviate symptoms of depression associated with withdrawal.Source: University of IllinoisA discovery from researchers at the...

Machiavellianism Predicts Approval of Mind Upload Technology

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Summary: A new study finds those with Machiavellian personality traits are more open to the prospect of mind uploading once the technology becomes available. The study...

Advanced Master in Innovation Health Technology – microdegrees Health Innovation

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Deze Master is een internationaal, Engelstalig programma dat focust op de integratie van verschillende...

Identity Fusion: Why Some People Will Go to Extremes for the Beliefs of a...

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Summary: Researchers explore why some people will ignore their personal beliefs and go along with the more extreme beliefs of a crowd. They report acting against...

Moral Disgust Leaves Us With a ‘Bad Taste’

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Summary: When people witness an act they find offensive, the brain inhibits neurons that control tongue movement in the same way as it does when a...

Facilitation – microdegrees Health Innovation

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opleidingsonderdelen Als je voor de volledige microdegree kiest, dan volg je naast een individuele keuze...

Brain Areas Involved in Seeking Information About Bad Possibilities Identified

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Summary: Study reveals specific neurons in the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate cortex that become active when people are faced with the decision to learn...

Dreams Reflect Multiple Memories and Anticipate Future Events

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Summary: 53% of dreams can be traced to memories, and of those, 50% are linked to memory sources of multiple previous life events. Additionally, 26% of...

Master in het management en het beleid van de gezondheidszorg – microdegrees Health Innovation

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De gezondheidszorg vereist naast een hoogstaande kwalitatieve zorgverlening ook een doelmatig en doeltreffend beleid....

A Link Between Childhood Stress and Early Molars

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Summary: Children from lower-income families and who greater adversity develop their first permanent molars before their peers with less stressful backgrounds.Source: University of PennsylvaniaEarly in her...

Like Night and Day: Animal Studies May Not Translate to Humans Without Time Considerations

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Summary: Disregarding lab animals’ circadian rhythms can hamper reproducibility, validity, and reliability of research, researchers say.Source: West Virginia UniversityImagine being woken up at 3 a.m. to...

UCLL – microdegrees Health Innovation

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Organisatie van de zorg- en WELZIJNSsector Ben je nieuwsgierig naar informatie en actuele ontwikkelingen in...

Low Doses of “Laughing Gas” Could Be Fast, Effective Treatment for Severe Depression

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Summary: Nitrous oxide, a common anesthesia most often associated with dental procedures, may have a new purpose. Researchers found a single inhalation of 25% nitrous oxide...

Defying Body Clock Linked to Depression and Lower Wellbeing

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Summary: A new, large-scale study reveals people whose sleep patterns go against their natural circadian rhythm are more likely to develop symptoms of depression and report...

Health innovation – ESF Proeftuin – microdegrees Health Innovation

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De zes associatiepartners van associatie KU Leuven (KU Leuven, LUCA School of Arts, Odisee,...

Nobody’s Been Studying Socially Isolated Kids, and That’s a Problem

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Summary: Study reveals clear differences between children who are rejected by their peers and those who face social isolation. Children who are rejected by their peers...

Simple Blood Test Can Accurately Reveal Underlying Neurodegeneration

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Summary: NfL, a single biomarker in the blood, can accurately predict the presence of underlying neurodegenerative disorders, such as FTD and ALS, in people with cognitive...

Exploring the unknown – MIT McGovern Institute

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View the interactive version of this story in our Summer 2021 issue of BrainScan.   McGovern Investigator Ed Boyden.McGovern Investigator Ed Boyden says his lab’s vision is clear. “We...

Training the Brain to Recognize Voices

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Summary: Due to social restrictions following the COVID lockdowns, people may need to brush up on their social skills of concentrating on conversations. A new study...

Social Identity Within the Anti-Vaccine Movement

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Summary: A new study reveals up to 22% of Americans are self-identified anti-vaxxers and embrace the label as a form of social identity.Source: Texas A&MA study...

Neuroscience Doesn’t Undermine Free Will After All

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Summary: A new study brings into question conventional theories of the neuroscience of free will. Researchers found readiness potential reflects neural activity that underlies the formation...

Is It Time to Give Up on Consciousness as ‘the Ghost in the Machine’?

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Summary: Giving up the theory that consciousness is like a “ghost in the machine” to focus on the neurobiology of brain mechanisms behind conscious awareness is...

Neurological Symptoms Like Fatigue Common in Mild COVID

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Summary: Neurological and psychological symptoms associated with COVID-19 infection, such as fatigue and depression, are more common in those with mild coronavirus infection than previously believed.Source:...

ADHD Drugs Can Affect Later Generations

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Summary: A new study of male guppies reveals behaviors affected by methylphenidate hydrochloride (MPH), an active ingredient in common ADHD medications, can be passed along to...

Bilingualism as a Natural Therapy for Autistic Children

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Summary: Bilingualism in children on the autism spectrum partly makes up for deficits in theory of mind and executive function, a new study reports.Source: University of...

Can Echolocation Help Those With Vision Loss?

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Summary: Study confirms learning click-based echolocation can help those experiencing vision loss to maintain mobility while providing a sense of independence.Source: Durham UniversityKnown as nature’s own...

Kids Who Sleep With Their Pet Still Get a Good Night’s Rest

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Summary: Researchers say there is no difference in sleep quality between children who sleep alone and those who snuggle up with their pets at night. Children...

People of Color Twice as Likely to Die After Traumatic Brain Injury

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Summary: The likelihood of death following a traumatic brain injury is twice as high for people of color than white people, a new study reports. Researchers...

Why Moms Take Risks to Protect Their Infants

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Summary: A mother’s overwhelming desire to take risks in the face of danger to protect her child, and other nurturing behaviors, are driven by neurons in...

ALS Development Could Be Triggered by Loss of Network Connections in the Spinal Cord

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Summary: Inhibitory neurons in the spinal cord lose their connections to motor neurons in mouse models of ALS. While no connection between this deterioration to the...

Significant Otter Helps Couples Communicate From the Heart

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Summary: Researchers have developed a smart-watch app they call Smart Otter, that allows couples to communicate with one another based on sensed heart rate.Source: Carnegie Mellon...

Brain Activity Reveals When White Lies Are Selfish

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Summary: White lies that are selfish in nature elicit increased activity in both the ventral and rostral medial prefrontal cortex.Source: SfNYou may think a little white...

Why Is It so Hard to Withdraw From Some Antidepressants?

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Summary: A new study reveals the molecular and cellular mechanisms behind why some people find it harder to stop using antidepressants than others with depression.Source: University...

Discovery May Point to Parkinson’s Disease Therapies

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Summary: In Parkinson’s disease, alpha-synuclein binds to LC3B. Normally, LC3B causes misfolded proteins to become degraded, but in the case of Parkinson’s, LC3B becomes trapped in...

Horror Films as a Reimagined Space for Healing

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Summary: A new study reports certain horror movies, such as the Halloween series, focus on the cycles of trauma and how it connects to the experience...

Escape From Oblivion: How the Brain Reboots After Deep Anesthesia

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Summary: Following deep anesthesia, consciousness and cognitive processes unfold over time. The prefrontal cortex is the first brain area to recover, with areas associated with reaction...

Waking Just One Hour Earlier Cuts Depression Risk by Double Digits

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Summary: Changing your sleep schedule by one hour has a significant impact on risk factors for major depression. Going to sleep and waking one hour earlier...

The Robot Smiled Back – Neuroscience News

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Summary: Applying AI technology, researchers teach a robot to make appropriate reactive human facial expressions. Scientists say this could help build trust between humans and the...

Abnormal brain connectivity may precede schizophrenia onset

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The cerebellum is named “little brain” for its distinctive structure. Although the cerebellum was long considered only for its role in maintaining the balance and timing...

Roots of Major Depression Revealed in All Its Genetic Complexity

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Summary: A new, massive genome wide study has identified 178 genetic variants linked to major depressive disorder.Source: YaleA massive genome-wide association study (GWAS) of genetic and...

Sleep Warning for Older Men: Sleep Changes May Signal Cognitive Decline

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Summary: Changes in sleep patterns in older men have been linked to an increased risk of cognitive decline, researchers report.Source: Flinders UniversityMen aged 65 and over...

Aesthetically Appealing Art Increases Creative Inspiration

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Summary: Viewing art you find aesthetically pleasing can help boost your personal creativity, researchers report.Source: Max Planck InstituteWhere do you find inspiration? New research suggests that...

This Brain Circuit Signals When to Stop Eating; Could Regulating It Help With Obesity

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Summary: Researchers have identified a subpopulation of dopaminergic neurons in the caudal ventral tegmental area that appears to suppress food intake by triggering satiation in mice.Source:...

McGovern lab develops new technique for correcting disease-causing mutations

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Gene editing, or purposefully changing a gene’s DNA sequence, is a powerful tool for studying how mutations cause disease, and for making changes in an individual’s...

Movement and Art Perception in Parkinson’s Patients

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When I have taken my children to art museums in the past (pre-COVID), they loved to strike the poses they saw in the sculptures and paintings...

Specialized Inhibitory Cluster Gates Plasticity in Fear Learning

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Summary: The apical intercalated cell cluster (apITC), a specialized portion of inhibitory circuitry in the amygdala, has rich connectivity and plays a unique role in modulating...

Feeling Lonely? Turn up the Volume!

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Summary: Lonely and socially isolated people prefer higher volume sounds, such as loud music or background noise, compared to those who feel socially accepted, a new...

Independent of IQ, “Decision Acuity” Predicts Broad Range of Decision-Making Abilities

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Summary: Independent of IQ, decision acuity predicted performance in decision-making tasks. This factored higher in older adults and increased in light of parental education.Source: Cell PressA...

Defective Gene Slows Down Brain Cells

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Summary: Study reveals how the autism-associated Cullin 3 gene affects brain development in mouse models.Source: IST AustriaWithin the European Union alone, about three million people are...

Lithium Distribution Differs in Brains of Depressed People

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Summary: A new technique allowed researchers to evaluate the distribution of lithium levels in the human brain. Findings revealed those without depression had significantly more lithium...

Thoughts Bring Prostheses to Life

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Summary: Using virtual reality technology, researchers found the faulty alignment of prosthetics resulted in a measurable loss in performance for users.Source: RUBThe more natural the position...

A New Replication Crisis: Research That Is Less Likely to Be True Is Cited...

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Summary: Researchers have uncovered another problem with a number of recent scientific research papers; citing data that is unable to be replicated. The study reveals non-replicable...

Young Orangutans Have Sex-Specific Role Models

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Summary: Young male orangutans seek out role models in immigrant adult males and female juveniles, while young female orangutans prefer their mothers or other local female...

Commonly Used Drugs for Schizophrenia Linked to Greater Cognitive Impairment

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Summary: Medications with anticholinergic properties given to help reduce physical and mental health symptoms associated with schizophrenia have a cumulative effect in reducing cognitive function in...

Skin Itch Mechanisms Differ on Hairless Versus Hairy Skin

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Summary: Researchers have identified significant differences in the mechanisms of chronic itch between hairy and non-hairy areas of the skin.Source: Georgia TechChronic skin itching drives more...

Emotional Support Animals Benefit Those With Chronic Mental Illness

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Summary: Emotional support animals provide quantifiable benefits for people with mental health problems who are experiencing depression, anxiety, and loneliness.Source: University of ToledoA team led by...

New Research Could Lead to Better Treatment for Epilepsy

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Summary: Alterations in the local network of specific brain regions can predict the progression of epilepsy, and determine whether surgery is a viable option for the...

Geen berg te hoog voor studenten en personeel van de Associatie KU Leuven –...

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De complexe uitdagingen van de 21ste eeuw vragen creativiteit en innovatief denken om tot duurzame oplossingen te komen....

Brain Scans Could Offer Sign of Postpartum Psychosis Risk

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Summary: Brain scans revealed, compared to women with low risk for postpartum psychosis, new mothers in high-risk groups had altered brain connectivity in networks associated with...

Scientists Map Gene Changes Underlying Brain and Cognitive Decline in Aging

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Summary: A new mathematical model delves into the biological changes that occur in both the aging brain and brains with neurodegenerative disorders. The implications lay forth...

64 Regions of the Genome That Increase Risk for Bipolar Disorder Identified

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Summary: Researchers have identified 64 genomic regions that contain genetic variants associated with an increased risk of developing bipolar disorder. The study also revealed a genetic...

Debiasing Artificial Intelligence: Concerns for Unintentional Bias in Health-Based AI Raised

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Summary: Recent studies have found significant biases in artificial intelligence algorithms. Researchers are raising their concerns about AI biases associated with medical devices and algorithms used...

From Psychopaths to ‘Everyday Sadists’: Why Do Humans Harm the Harmless?

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Summary: Researchers investigate why some people take pleasure in hurting more vulnerable people.Source: The ConversationWhy are some humans cruel to people who don’t even pose a...

Anesthetic May Affect Tau Spread in the Brain to Promote Alzheimer’s Disease Pathology

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Summary: Sevoflurane, an anesthetic, causes tau to leave neurons and enter microglia. This stimulates the production of interleukin-6, leading to inflammation and cognitive impairment.Source: Mass GeneralDuring...

Eating More Fruit and Vegetables Linked to Less Stress, Study Finds

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Summary: People who consumed 470 grams of fruits and vegetables per day had 10% lower levels of stress than those who ate 230 grams of fresh...

Low Sugar Metabolite Associated With Disability and Neurodegeneration in Multiple Sclerosis

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Summary: Lower serum levels of the sugar metabolite GlcNAc was associated with progressive disability and neurodegeneration in patients with multiple sclerosis.Source: UC IrvineA new University of...

Our Dreams’ Weirdness Might Be Why We Have Them

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Summary: Inspired by techniques to train deep neural networks, researchers have proposed a new hypothesis of dreaming. The hypothesis suggests the strangeness of our dreams may...

What Does Your Voice Say About You? Study Links Personality Traits to Voice Characteristics

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Summary: A new study reveals a link between vocal characteristics and individual personality traits. Those with deeper voices were more dominant, extroverted, and tended to rank...

Adolescents and Older Adults Lack Attention in Social Situations

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Summary: Adolescents and older adults pay less attention to social cues in real-world interactions than young adults.Source: University of KentNew research led by the University of...

#Foodporn: People Are More Attracted to Social Media Content Showcasing Fatty Food

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Summary: Social media influencers take note, posting images of fatty foods increases follower engagement, researchers report.Source: The ConversationLife outside our living rooms has been in short...

Designer Alterations to Brain Cells Reduce Anxious Behavior in Monkeys

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Summary: A new method, dubbed DREADDs, relies on gene therapy techniques to alter genes in target cells to change the cell’s behavior. The method reduced anxious...

Nature Draws Out a Happy Place for Children

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Summary: Children raised in areas without much access to green space consider nature to be their “happy place”, a new study reports.Source: Anglia Ruskin UniversityYoung children...

Implanted Wireless Device Triggers Mice to Form Instant Bond

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Summary: A new wireless, battery-less brain implant that harnesses optogenetics can manipulate social interactions in mice.Source: Northwestern UniversityNorthwestern University researchers are building social bonds with beams...

Meditative Practice and Spiritual Wellbeing May Preserve Cognitive Function in Aging

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Summary: Kirtan Kriya, a simple meditation practice that centers on psychological and spiritual wellbeing, may help to reduce some Alzheimer’s related risk factors and improve cognition...

The Sensitive Brain at Rest

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Summary: A new study sheds light on how highly sensitive people process information. After experiencing something emotionally evocative, brain activity displayed a depth of processing while...

Does Driving Wear You Out? You Might Be Experiencing ‘Accelerousal’

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Summary: If you feel anxious while at the wheel, you are more likely to feel exhaustion when you arrive at your destination, a new study reports.Source:...

Understanding Family Members’ Grief for a Living Loved One

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Summary: Family members of people with dementia are more likely to experience severe pre-loss grief than family members of those with cancer.Source: Ohio State UniversityThe symptoms...

Social Network’s Relation to Binge Drinking Among Adults Explained

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Summary: Those who live in neighborhoods that are considered safe, orderly, and have a more interconnected social environment are at higher risk of embarking on binge...

Some Meat Eaters Disgusted by Meat

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Summary: 7% of meat-eaters report feeling a “strong disgust” response to images of common meat-based dishes.Source: University of ExeterSome meat eaters feel disgusted by meat, according...

Learning on the Fly – Neuroscience News

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Summary: Fruit flies may use dopamine to learn in similar ways to humans.Source: University of SussexEven the humble fruit fly craves a dose of the happy...

Head to Toe: Study Reveals Brain Activity Behind Missed Penalty Kicks

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Summary: Soccer players who feel anxious at the thought of kicking a penalty kick and who miss the goal show more activity in the prefrontal cortex....

New Imaging Technique Captures How Brain Moves in Stunning Detail

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Summary: A new neuroimaging technique captures the brain in motion in real-time, generating a 3D view and with improved detail. The new technology could help clinicians...

Journal Scan – This Month in Other Journals, May 2021

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1. Feigin VL, Vos T, Alahdab F, et al. Burden of neurological disorders across the US...

A Touch From a Conversing Robot Is Linked to Positive Emotional State

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Summary: People who were touched by conversational humanoid robots report positive emotional states and were more likely to comply with requests made by the robot.Source: PLOSA...

Online Learning Doesn’t Improve Student Sleep Habits

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Summary: Students who embarked on online learning went to bed, on average, thirty minutes later than they did while entered into in-person learning. They also slept...

Michale Fee appointed head of MIT’s Brain and Cognitive Sciences Department

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McGovern Investigator Michale Fee at work in the lab with postdoc Galen Lynch. Photo: Justin KnightMichale Fee, the Glen V. and Phyllis F. Dorflinger Professor of...

Partners of People With Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder Have Often a Mental Disorder

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Summary: Almost fifty percent of people who have children with partners suffering from schizophrenia or bipolar disorder also have mental health challenges, a new study reports.Source:...

Obesity Linked to Reduced Blood Flow to the Brain

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Summary: Obesity has been linked to severely restricted blood flow in the brain. Reduced blood flow in the brain, or cerebral hypoperfusion, can be an early...

Biologists discover a trigger for cell extrusion

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For all animals, eliminating some cells is a necessary part of embryonic development. Living cells are also naturally sloughed off in mature tissues; for example, the...

Study Links Brain Thinning to Psychosis

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Summary: Adolescents with a higher risk for developing psychosis have subtle differences in brain structure, including lower cortical thickness than their peers without risk factors. In...

Gene Therapy in Alzheimer’s Disease Mouse Model Preserves Learning and Memory

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Summary: Novel gene therapy treatment prevents learning impairments and memory loss in mouse models of Alzheimer’s disease.Source: UCSDResearchers at University of California San Diego School of...

Investigating the embattled brain – MIT McGovern Institute

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Omar Rutledge served as a US Army infantryman in the 1st Armored and 25th Infantry Divisions. He was deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom from...

How Adults Use Facial Cues to Judge Children’s Behavior and Intentions

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Summary: Split-second perceptions by adults of children’s faces leads them to make judgments of the child’s intentions and character.Source: Brock UniversityIt’s a common movie scene: a...

Need to Vent? Turn to Real-Life Support, Not Social Media

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Summary: While seeking support via social media doesn’t necessarily harm mental health, it doesn’t help it either. However, real-life social interactions can have a positive effect...

Josh McDermott seeks to replicate the human auditory system

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The human auditory system is a marvel of biology. It can follow a conversation in a noisy restaurant, learn to recognize words from languages we’ve never...

Light Therapy Helps Veterans Treated for Traumatic Brain Injury

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Summary: Morning bright light therapy improved both physical and mental health symptoms, including cognitive function and sleep quality, in veterans who suffered TBI.Source: Experimental BiologyA new...

How to Distinguish a Psychopath From a ‘Shy-Chopath’

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Summary: While conventional thought considers those with psychopathic traits to be outgoing, charming, and bold, researchers say that many with psychopathy are more introverted.Source: The ConversationWhat...

Light as a Fairy Tale: What Makes a Feel-Good Film Feel Good?

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Summary: Study reveals the formal characteristics and content types that make those feel-good movies “feel good”.Source: Max Plank Institute“Feel-good films” are usually dismissed by film critics...

Research Delves Into Link Between Test Anxiety and Poor Sleep

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Summary: Test anxiety and sleep feed off one another, causing a negative effect on academic performance.Source: University of KansasCollege students across the country struggle with a...

Mindfulness Programs Can Boost Children’s Mental Health

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Summary: Mindfulness training can help increase optimism, enhance positive mood, and negate some of the effects of stress by improving mental health in school-aged children.Source: University...

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