When Philosophical Questions Turn to Neuroscience Experimentation

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CNS 2023 Q&A with Sabine Kastner In high school and then into undergraduate school, Sabine Kastner was most interested in the humanities: literature, history, and philosophy. But...

Five Precepts of Buddhism May Be Linked to Lower Depression Risk

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Summary: Those who score high for neuroticism and stress have a reduced risk of developing depression if they follow the five precepts of Buddhism, a new...

Key Factors Identified for Regeneration of Brain Tissue

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Summary: Researchers have identified two proteins that prevent the formation of scars in the brain and help promote the regeneration of new neural tissue.Source: LMULMU researchers...

Mom’s Dietary Fat Rewires Male and Female Brains Differently

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Summary: Excess fat from a mother’s high-fat diet triggers immune cells to over-consume serotonin in the brains of developing males, leading to depression-like behaviors in the...

Why Silly Distractions at Work Can Actually Be Good for You

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Summary: Having fun with co-workers can help to reduce stress at work, a new study reports.Source: TCDPositive interventions that distract us from difficult tasks actually help...

Why We Feel Like Christmas Comes Around More Quickly Each Year

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Summary: For children, the run-up to Christmas seems to take forever, but for adults, time appears to fly as the Holiday season approaches. Researchers say this...

525-Million-Year-Old Fossil Defies Textbook Explanation for Brain Evolution

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Summary: The fossil of a 525-million-year-old tiny sea creature with a preserved nervous system may solve a century-long debate about how the brains of arthropods evolved.Source:...

How You Help a Child Go to Sleep Is Related to Their Behavioral Development

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Summary: The method by which a parent helps their young child to sleep impacts their behavior, a new study reports. Children of parents who use passive...

What Octopus and Human Brains Have in Common

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Summary: Octopuses have a massively expanded repertoire of miRNA in their neural tissue, reflecting a similar development to that which occurred in vertebrates. Findings suggest miRNA...

Local Alcohol Availability Related to Child Maltreatment

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Summary: Having one or more retail outlets selling alcohol for off-premises consumption in a neighborhood was associated with a 13.5% increase in cases of child abuse...

Older Adults Live Longer in Counties With Greater Age Bias

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Summary: Contrary to expectations, researchers found older adults who live in countries with greater age bias had better health outcomes than those who lived in countries...

Patients With PTSD Are Less Likely to Survive COVID Than Those Without

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Summary: People with PTSD had a 9% increased risk of hospitalization and an 8% increased risk of death following contracting COVID-19 than people without the disorder....

Gene That Guides Earliest Social Behaviors Could Be Key to Understanding Autism

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Summary: The TOP2a gene controls a network of genes that contribute to ASD. Drugs that suppress TOP2a during development can turn on a cluster of other...

New CRISPR-based tool inserts large DNA sequences at desired sites in cells

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Building on the CRISPR gene-editing system, MIT researchers have designed a new tool that can snip out faulty genes and replace them with new ones, in...

Low to Moderate Stress Is Good for You

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Summary: Low-to-moderate stress may be beneficial for your brain function, especially when it comes to working memory. However, when stress levels rise above moderate levels, they...

Picky Eaters Are Put Off by Food Depending on Plateware Color

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Summary: The color of the plate food is served on influences taste perception, a new study reports.Source: University of PortsmouthAcademics have examined the effect of color...

Brain Markers of ADHD in Children Identified

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Summary: Researchers have identified specific neurological biomarkers for ADHD in the brain. The study revealed those with ADHD had abnormal connectivity in brain areas associated with...

Two-Hour Prenatal Course May Reduce Postpartum Depression and Increase Parental Confidence

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Summary: Expectant mothers who took a two-hour perinatal course called “Help, Understanding, Guidance (HUG) Your Baby” had a significantly reduced risk of postpartum depression and an...

Babies Found to Have Greater Imagination Than Previously Known

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Summary: Infants as young as 14 months can contemplate several alternatives on their own if they have been exposed to an object that is not clearly...

Drinking During Pregnancy Changes Baby’s Brain Structure

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Summary: Pregnant women who drink small-to-moderate amounts of alcohol during pregnancy risk altering their baby’s brain structure and delaying brain development.Source: RSNAA new MRI study revealed...

Blood Pressure Highly Likely to Cause Neurotic Personality Trait

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Summary: Study reveals a link between diastolic blood pressure and an increased risk of neurotic personality traits. Controlling blood pressure can help to reduce anxiety, depression,...

Do You Underestimate the Impact of Being Kind?

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Summary: Those who act with kindness often underestimate how much others appreciate their actions.Source: UC BerkeleyNow and then, I give up my spot in the grocery...

Moral Behavior Pays Off – Neuroscience News

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Summary: Coupling two approaches of game theory sheds light on how moral norms and selfless behaviors evolved.Source: Max Planck InstituteSelfless behavior and cooperation cannot be taken...

Artificial Neural Networks Learn Better When They Spend Time Not Learning at All

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Summary: “Off-line” periods during AI training mitigated “catastrophic forgetting” in artificial neural networks, mimicking the learning benefits sleep provides in the human brain.Source: UCSDDepending on age,...

Children Who Doubt Their Gender Identity Enter Puberty Earlier

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Summary: Study reveals 11-year-olds who question their gender identity or express a desire to change their gender enter puberty earlier than their peers.Source: Aarhus UniversityA new...

With Training, People in Mind-Controlled Wheelchairs Can Navigate Normal, Cluttered Spaces

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Summary: New brain-machine interface technology allows those who are immobile to control their wheelchairs through mind control. The BMI allows users to traverse natural and cluttered...

Ila Fiete wins Swartz Prize for Theoretical and Computational Neuroscience

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The Society for Neuroscience (SfN) has awarded the Swartz Prize for Theoretical and Computational Neuroscience to Ila Fiete, professor in the Department of Brain and Cognitive...

Genetic Links Between Traits Are Often Overstated

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Summary: Researchers say estimates of how strongly diseases and traits share genetic signals could be over-inflated. Instead, they suggest, mating patterns may help explain the biological...

Social Bees Travel Greater Distances for Food Than Their Solitary Counterparts

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Summary: Social bees venture further for pollen and nectar than their less social counterparts.Source: University of BristolSocial bees such as honeybees and bumblebees have larger foraging...

Why Do Musicians Revisit Their Pain and Doubt in Their Art?

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Summary: Many musicians use their personal emotional pain and emotional trauma to create their songs. Researchers say exploring trauma via music can help reduce its emotional...

Mask-Wearing Can Make It More Difficult to Recognize Masked and Unmasked Faces of Others

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Summary: When you are wearing a face mask, it may be more difficult for you to recognize people, even if they are not wearing masks.Source: York...

How touch dampens the brain’s response to painful stimuli

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McGovern Investigator Fan Wang. Photo: Caitliin CunninghamWhen we press our temples to soothe an aching head or rub an elbow after an unexpected blow, it often...

Higher Sense of Purpose in Life May Be Linked to Lower Mortality Risk

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Summary: A sense of purpose may have health-protective benefits including a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease and cognitive decline associated with aging.Source: Boston UniversityGrowing research indicates...

Implanted Pump Safely Delivered Chemo Straight to the Brain in Patients With Brain Cancer

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Summary: A new implantable pump system safely and effectively bypasses the blood-brain barrier to deliver chemotherapy drugs to those with glioblastoma brain cancer.Source: Columbia UniversityA significant...

Not every reader’s struggle is the same

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Many children struggle to learn to read, and studies have shown that students from a lower socioeconomic status (SES) background are more likely to have difficulty...

Seals’ Sense of Rhythm May Give Us Answers About Our Own Musicality

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Summary: Seals can distinguish between and react differently to changes in rhythm. The findings shed new light on musicality.Source: Aarhus UniversityNew research from Aarhus University suggests...

Researchers Create Novel Device to Measure Nerve Activity for Treatment of Sepsis and PTSD

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Summary: A new, non-invasive method for measuring cervical nerve activity offers more personalized treatments for PTSD and sepsis.Source: UCSDA multi-campus research team has developed a novel...

What Happens to the Dopamine System When We Experience Aversive Events?

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Summary: The dopamine system helps the brain anticipate the occurrence and duration of unpleasant events, but without taking errors into account.Source: Netherlands Institute for NeuroscienceA new...

Study Pinpoints Three Brain Regions With Signature Connections in Autistic Individuals

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Summary: Researchers have identified patterns of white matter connectivity exclusive to core symptoms of autism. The study also reveals many structural brain connectivity patterns previously believed...

Breathing May Measurably Modulate Neural Responses Across Brain

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Summary: Study reveals a potential link between respiration and neural activity changes in animal models.Source: Penn StateMental health practitioners and meditation gurus have long credited intentional...

Green Tea and Resveratrol Reduce Alzheimer’s Plaques

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Summary: Two common compounds, green tea catechins and resveratrol, a compound found in red wine, reduce the formation of Alzheimer’s-associated amyloid plaques in brain tissue.Source: Tufts...

Why Do We Feel Bad When Our Beliefs Don’t Match Our Actions? Blame ‘Cognitive...

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Summary: Researchers explore the phenomena of cognitive dissonance and explore ways in which individuals can reduce feelings of cognitive dissonance.Source: The ConversationHave you ever been out...

Ease Seasonal Affective Disorder With an Exercise Routine

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Summary: Exercise can help improve mood and overall symptoms of those who suffer from seasonal affective disorder (SAD).Source: Baylor College of MedicineAs the days start getting...

Exploring the Consequences of Early Life Adversity on the Brain

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Summary: Childhood adversity can have a life-long impact on mental health and behavior. Adults who experienced childhood adversity are more likely to suffer from depression and...

Pretend Play Should Be Studied in Children From a Younger Age

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Summary: When it comes to pretend play, infants perform interactional patterns with elements of pretense a lot earlier than previously believed. Researchers say pretend play should...

Severely Stressful Events Worsen Symptoms of Long COVID

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Summary: Recent stressful experiences, such as the loss of a loved one or economic insecurity are strong predictors as to whether a person hospitalized for COVID-19...

Highly Processed Foods Can Be Considered Addictive Like Tobacco Products

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Summary: Based on the criteria set for tobacco addiction, a new study reports that highly-processed foods can be addictive.Source: University of MichiganCan highly processed foods be...

How Pregnancy Changes the Parental Brain

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Summary: New insights into the maternal brain shed novel light on the neuroscience of parenting and have implications for developing treatments for treating postpartum depression.Source: SfNPregnancy...

Political Events Impact Sleep – Neuroscience News

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Summary: Major political events such as elections appear to have a dramatic impact on sleep, alcohol consumption, and emotional and psychological well-being, a new study reports.Source:...

How Breathing Shapes Our Brain

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Summary: Breathing isn’t only essential to keep us alive, it also impacts our emotions, attention, and how our brains process the world around us.Source: Aarhus University“Breathe...

Can Music Help Someone With Alzheimer’s Disease?

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Summary: Musical memories are often preserved in those with Alzheimer’s disease. Researchers say listening to music can have a positive impact on emotion and behavior for...

Inflammation May Amplify Effect of Genetic Risk Variants for Schizophrenia

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Summary: Pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1 beta and IL-6 stimulate the expression of the schizophrenia-related C4A gene. Patients with high C4A expression displayed increased levels of IL-1 beta...

A Novel Instructive Role for the Entorhinal Cortex

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Summary: Researchers have identified a new type of synaptic plasticity they call behavioral timescale synaptic plasticity (BTSP). The study reveals how the entorhinal cortex sends instructive...

What We Think We Like in a Romantic Partner and What We Actually Prefer...

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Summary: The qualities people think they want in a romantic partner and what they actually like in a partner may be two different things, researchers report....

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: Examining the Psychological Symptoms

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Summary: Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe mood disorder that affects one in twenty women. PMDD can have a debilitating impact on the lives of...

Serotonin Key to Social Aversion During Withdrawal From Opioids

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Summary: Opioid withdrawal cuts off the supply of serotonin to the nucleus accumbens, dramatically reducing sociability in mice and increasing social aversion.Source: StanfordThe acute physical illness...

New Approach in Music Therapy to Help Trace Change in Depression

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Summary: Changes in observed phatic behaviors, such as movements or vocal pitch during music interaction therapy could provide markers for a person’s mental state and help...

TikTok Perpetuates Toxic Diet Culture Among Teens and Young Adults

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Summary: The most viewed content on TikTok associated with food, nutrition, and weight perpetuates a toxic diet culture among teens and young adults, a new study...

Reduced-Nicotine Cigarettes Result in Less Smoking in Anxious and Depressed Smokers

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Summary: Lowering nicotine levels to non-addictive levels reduces smoking without worsening symptoms of depression and anxiety for those suffering from mental health disorders.Source: Penn StateLowering the...

RNA-activated protein cutter protects bacteria from infection

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Our growing understanding of the ways bacteria defend themselves against viruses continues to change the way scientists work and offer new opportunities to improve human health....

Daytime Sleep Enhance Fear Memories of Emotional Trauma and Anxiety

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Summary: Taking a short nap during the day can enhance memories of disturbing and fearful events, a new study reports.Source: Ural Federal UniversityScientists from the Ural...

A New Look at Brain Function and Psychiatric Disorders

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Summary: Researchers have revealed the 3D structure of NMDA receptor molecules that are critical for brain health. NMDA receptors are believed to contribute to a range...

Study urges caution when comparing neural networks to the brain

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Neural networks, a type of computing system loosely modeled on the organization of the human brain, form the basis of many artificial intelligence systems for applications...

Morning Blue Light Treatment Improves Sleep in Patients With PTSD

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Summary: Daily morning blue-lightwave light exposure improved sleep and reduced the severity of symptoms for those suffering from PTSD.Source: University of ArizonaPeople with post-traumatic stress disorder...

The Neural Pathways for Vomiting After Eating Infected Food

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Summary: After eating contaminated food, toxins activate the release of serotonin by the enterochromaffin cells on the lining of the intestinal lumen. The serotonin binds to...

A Potential New Treatment Target for Sleep Apnea

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Summary: TRPM7 plays a role in suppressing breathing in obese mice with symptoms of sleep apnea.Source: Johns Hopkins MedicineIn a new study with obese mice, Johns...

How Early Fears Play a Role in Future Anxiety and Depression

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Summary: Behavioral inhibition at 12 to 24 months of age was associated with an increased risk of developing depression, more so than anxiety, during later life....

Teenage Brains: What Is Happening and Why It Leads to More Risky Behaviors

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Summary: Decision-making requires two different brain areas that mature at different times during the teenage years. This may help parents understand why their teens are more...

Feeling Chirpy: Being Around Birds Is Linked to Lasting Mental Health Benefits

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Summary: Using an app called Urban Mind, researchers found a direct link between positive mood and seeing or hearing birds.Source: King’s College LondonNew research from King’s...

Exploring Virtual Romantic Relationships – Neuroscience News

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Summary: Study examines virtual romantic relationships, or romantic anthropomorphism, exploring how a human’s romantic needs can be met by anthropomorphized agents.Source: Hiroshima UniversityAn international team of...

Panelgesprek – Beleidssymposium internationalisering

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    Axel Aerden Directeur NVAO (Nederlands-Vlaamse Accreditatieorganisatie) Vlaanderen   Axel Aerden is directeur Vlaanderen bij de NVAO. Voordat...

What’s in a Name? Actors Suppress Their Sense of Self When Playing New Character

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Summary: When actors hear their own names during a performance, their response is suppressed by activity in the left anterior prefrontal cortex, a brain area associated...

A New Device for Early Diagnosis of Degenerative Eye Disorders

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Summary: Researchers have developed a new ophthalmological device that can detect degenerative visual problems such as age-related macular degeneration long before the onset of the first...

Researchers Ease Nightmares by Manipulating Emotions in Dreams

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Summary: Rehearsing positive versions of frequent nightmares before sleep and playing noises associated with positive daytime experiences during sleep helps reduce nightmare frequency, a new study...

Omega-3 Fatty Acid Could Boost IQ for Preterm Babies

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Summary: Providing DHA, an omega-3 fatty acid, to children born prematurely boosted their IQ by 3.5 points compared to preterm infants who did not receive DHA...

RNA-sensing system controls protein expression in cells based on specific cell states

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Researchers at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard and the McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT have developed a system that can detect...

Autistic Women Have Increased Risk of Mental Illness

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Summary: Women on the autism spectrum are more likely to be diagnosed with a co-morbid mental health disorder, such as depression, anxiety, or increased risk of...

Disruption of the Growth Hormone Receptor Gene in Adipose Tissue Results in Increased Lifespan

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Summary: In mice, disruption of the growth hormone receptor gene in fat cells improved insulin sensitivity in advanced age and increased lifespan.Source: Ohio UniversityA study of...

Cats Distinguish Between Speech Directed at Them and Humans

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Summary: Cats alter their behavior when their owner speaks in a cat-directed tone toward them, but not when their owner talks to another human or when...

Happily Ever After? A New Chapter for Traditional Fairy Tales

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Summary: While some deem traditional fairy tales to be outdated or sexist, researchers say fairy stories play an important role in teaching young children about social...

Magnetic sensors track muscle length

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Using a simple set of magnets, MIT researchers have come up with a sophisticated way to monitor muscle movements, which they hope will make it easier...

Stress Link in the Brain Confirmed

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Summary: Study confirms a neural circuit that links the caudal medial prefrontal cortex to the midbrain dorsolateral periaqueductal gray which governs stress response.Source: University of IowaAt...

Young Child’s Brain, Not Age, Determines Nap Transitions

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Summary: A new theory proposes there is an underlying relationship between nap transition in young children, brain development, and memory formation.Source: UMassWhy do some 4- and...

Being Stressed Out Before You Get COVID Increases Your Chances of Long COVID

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Summary: Those with pre-existing anxiety, depression, chronic stress, and distress caused by loneliness are at 50% increased risk of developing Long-COVID following coronavirus infection.Source: The ConversationStress...

SSRIs and CBT Lead to Changes in Brain

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Summary: Effective neurochemical changes in the brain of those with social anxiety take different forms after SSRI treatment and cognitive behavioral therapy.Source: Uppsala UniversityNeurochemical changes in...

How Neurons From PTSD Patients React to Stress

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Summary: Neurons derived from stem cells of combat veterans with PTSD react differently to stress hormones than those derived from veterans without PTSD. The findings shed...

Researchers Create First Fetal Brain Atlas for Spina Bifida Aperta

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Summary: Researchers have mapped the brain development of fetuses with spinal bifida aperta between 21-34 weeks of gestation. The new brain map has been released via...

To Be Less Sedentary, You May Need a More Active Friend

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Summary: When people with a sedentary lifestyle socially interact with those who embark on moderate physical activity, the sedentary people become more active in the long...

Prior Stressful Events Can Help Build Resilience

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Summary: A display of defensive behaviors, when faced with an aggressive mouse, predicted a smaller mouse’s ability to become resilient following a traumatic event. Stimulating dopamine...

Structure of Adult Brain, Previously Thought to Be Fixed, Is Altered by Depression Treatment

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Summary: Treatments for depression including ECT and antidepressants increase brain connectivity in those with clinical depression.Source: European College of NeuropsychopharmacologyScientists believe that the structure of the...

Insight Into Brain Function and Breakdowns

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Summary: Study identifies the synaptotagmin-3 (SYT3) protein as a key molecule that allows for synaptic transmission. The findings could help with the development of treatment for...

Brain’s Sensitivity to Different Types of Regret May Impact Mood Disorders Like Depression

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Summary: Study finds mice show sensitivity to two different types of regret, and the different thought processes stem from different parts of the brain. Researchers also...

Selection of Human Immune-Related Genes Was Driven by the Black Death

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Summary: Bubonic plague, or the “Black Death” placed significantly selective pressure on humans, changing the frequency of certain immune-related genes and affecting our susceptibility to modern...

Sound Cues During Sleep Could Help People to Forget Specific Memories

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Summary: Previous research found sound cues played during sleep can improve a person’s memory. A new study reports that sound cues during sleep can also help...

How the Brain Separates Perception From Memory

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Summary: While previous studies point to an overlap between perception and memory, a new study finds the two are systematically different.Source: NYUThe brain works in fundamentally...

Unlocking the mysteries of how neurons learn

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When he matriculated in 2019 as a graduate student, Raúl Mojica Soto-Albors was no stranger to MIT. He’d spent time here on multiple occasions as an...

Timely Interventions for Depression Might Lower the Future Risk of Dementia

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Summary: Symptomatic depression increases the risk of developing dementia by 51%, but those being treated for depression had a significantly lower risk of being diagnosed with...

Nicotine Dose in a Single Cigarette Blocks Estrogen Production in Women’s Brains

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Summary: The dose of nicotine from a single cigarette blocks estrogen production in the brain, causing behavioral changes. Findings may shed new light on why quitting...

Fathers Stress Associated With Children’s Emotional and Behavioral Problems at Age Two

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Summary: A father’s level of stress during the first few months of their child’s life impacts the emotional and behavioral development of their child at age...

Scientists Reappraise the Role of ‘Zombie’ Cells That Anti-aging Medicine Has Sought to Eliminate

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Summary: Some senescent (zombie) cells are embedded in young, healthy tissue and promote normal repair from damage, researchers say.Source: UCSFNot all senescent cells are harmful “zombies”...

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