Neurology is full of syndromes named after their discoverers. These diseases are defined by their eponyms. Many of these eponymous disorders are very common and well-recognised. These include Parkinson’s disease (PD), Alzheimer’s disease (AD), and Huntington’s disease (HD).

3D employment graph. Chris Potter on Flikr.

Many other diseases, also named after people who worked on them, are not household names. Indeed many neurologists are unfamiliar with them. This is either because they are rare, or because they easily pass unrecognised.

By Kiril Krastev - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link
By Kiril Krastev – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

So what are these rare and mysterious neurological diseases. Below are 45 less well-known eponymous neurological diseases, all linked to their Neurochecklists.

Blue roses...Tracy Byrnes on Flikr.
Blue roses…Tracy Byrnes on Flikr.
  1. Alexander disease

  2. Alpers syndrome

  3. Anderson-Tawil syndrome

  4. Angelman syndrome

  5. Anton’s syndrome

  6. Balint’s syndrome

  7. Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis (BBE)

  8. Brown Vialetto van Laere (BVVL) syndrome

  9. Charles Bonnet syndrome

  10. Curranino syndrome


  11. Cockayne syndrome

  12. Coffin Lowry syndrome

  13. Danon disease

  14. de Clerambault’s syndrome

  15. Doose syndrome

  16. Eales disease

  17. Fahr disease

  18. Farber disease

  19. Gerstmann Straussler Scheinker (GSS) syndrome

  20. Gordon Holmes spinocerebellar ataxia syndrome


  21. Joubert syndrome

  22. Klippel-Feil syndrome

  23. Landau-Kleffner syndrome

  24. Leigh syndrome

  25. Machiafava Bignami disease

  26. Menke’s disease

  27. Miller Dieker syndrome

  28. Morvan’s syndrome

  29. Nasu Hakola disease

  30. Nonaka distal myopathy


  31. Ohtahara syndrome

  32. Panayiotopoulos syndrome (PS)

  33. Perry syndrome

  34. Rett syndrome

  35. Sandhoff disease

  36. Sandifer syndrome

  37. Satoyoshi syndrome

  38. Susac syndrome

  39. Tarui disease

  40. Unverricht Lundborg disease


  41. Vici syndrome

  42. Welander distal myopathy

  43. Wolf Hirschhorn syndrome

  44. Woodhouse Sakati syndrome

  45. Zellweger syndrome

By Roman Köhler - Own work, Public Domain, Link
By Roman Köhler – Own work, Public Domain, Link

Why not explore neurochecklists for these, and practically all other neurological disorders.


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