A, Nonenhanced head CT of a female patient in her 50s showing subarachnoid hemorrhage, Hunt and Hess grade 4, and Fisher grade 4. B, Angiography reveals a blister-like aneurysm of the right supraclinoid ICA with a maximum neck diameter of 3.3 mm. C, Angiographic result immediately after deployment of FRED 4.0 × 13 mm. D, Follow-up angiography at day 17 shows a residual aneurysm filling. E and F, Follow-up angiography at 3 months demonstrates complete aneurysm obliteration. mRS score at 3 months was 1.


Treatment of ruptured blister-like aneurysms is technically challenging. This study aimed at analyzing the safety and efficacy of the Flow-Redirection Endoluminal Device (FRED) in the treatment of ruptured blister-like aneurysms.


In a retrospective multicenter study, all patients treated with the FRED due to a ruptured intracranial blister-like aneurysm between January 2013 and May 2019 were analyzed. The primary end points for clinical safety were mRS 0–2 at 6 months after treatment and the absence of major ipsilateral stroke or death. The primary end points for efficacy were the absence of rebleeding after treatment and complete angiographic occlusion according to the O’Kelly-Marotta classification at 6 months after treatment.


In total, 30 patients with 30 ruptured blister-like aneurysms were treated. Immediate complete aneurysm obliteration (O’Kelly-Marotta classification D) with the FRED was achieved in 10 patients (33%). Of the 26 patients with follow-up, complete obliteration was achieved in 21 patients (80%) after 6 months and in 24 patients (92%) in the final follow-up (median, 22 months). Twenty-three patients (77%) achieved mRS 0–2 at 6 months. Major stroke or death occurred in 17%. Two patients died due to pneumonia, and 2 patients died due to infarction following cerebral vasospasm. There was no case of rebleeding after FRED implantation. There was 1 case of delayed asymptomatic stent occlusion.


Treatment of ruptured blister-like aneurysms with the FRED is safe and effective.

Read this article: https://bit.ly/38wR1kA


Jeffrey Ross

• Mayo Clinic, Phoenix

Dr. Jeffrey S. Ross is a Professor of Radiology at the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, and practices neuroradiology at the Mayo Clinic in Phoenix, Arizona. His publications include over 100 peer-reviewed articles, nearly 60 non-refereed articles, 33 book chapters, and 10 books. He was an AJNR Senior Editor from 2006-2015, is a member of the editorial board for 3 other journals, and a manuscript reviewer for 10 journals. He became Editor-in-Chief of the AJNR in July 2015. He received the Gold Medal Award from the ASSR in 2013.

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